Situated in the Rucar – Bran Pass, 30 km far from Brasov city, Bran Castle is one of the most famous castle from Romania.
A document issued by the Hungarian king Ludovic I, in November 1377 gives the right to the Saxons from the area to build another stone fortress. So the Saxons from Brasov area on their own expenses and with their own workers decide to build the Bran Castle, this is why the ownership of the castle will be theirs until 1427.
In 1395, Sigismund from Luxemburg , German Emperor and King of Hungary, used Bran Castle as a strategic base for a foray into the Romanian Country, after which it was removed prince Vlad usurper, the main rival of Mircea the Elder.
In 1407 Sigismund, gives the authority of the castle to Mircea the Elder. Bran remains under the authority of the Romanian Country until 1419.
In 1427 the Hungarian Crown, who made the fortification and extension of the castle, took over the ownership of the castle.
In 1920, Brasov City Council donated the castle to Queen Maria of Romania, as a sign of gratitude for his contribution to the Great Union. In 1938 when the Queen died, the castle was inherited by his favorite daughter, Princess Ileana, who was married to a member of the former Habsburg family.
After 1948, Bran Castle was nationalized and became the property of the Romanian state. The castle was opened to public visits, since 1956 is arranged as a museum of history and feudal art. In 1987, he entered the restoration and the work was completed in 1993. The castle was reopened as a museum.
On 18 May 2006, following a period of legal proceedings, the castle was returned to the legal heirs of the Habsburg family. However, the Romanian state through the Ministry of Culture, will manage the castle over the transitional period and the next three years.
On 1 June 2009, the castle is in full possession of the heirs of Princess Ileana: Archduke Dominic Habsburg, Archduchess Maria Magdalena Holzhausen and Elisabeth Sandhofer Archduchess.
Before the restitution, the Ministry of Culture has ordered the relocation of the collections from Bran belonging to the Romanian state , to Medieval Customs (Vama Medievala ).
To reopen the museum, the Habsburg family refurbished the castle with items from its personal collection.The official reopening of the museum was on 1 June 2009.
Bran Castle is commonly known as Dracula’s Castle. The legend of Dracula was born close to the legendary figure of the Romanian ruler Vlad Tepes (Vlad the Impeller 1456 – 1462).
More than anything, the mythical character Dracula is known for his boundless cruelty. Impalement, one of the most horrible way to die, was the preferred method of torture and execution of Vlad the Impaler named Dracula. The cruelty of his punishment for disloyalty and honesty coincide with the name.