The city of Oradea is settled on the River of Crisul Repede, amongst the West Plains and the Apuseni Mountains. Its the capital city of Bihor County, and is one of the significant centers of economic, social and cultural expansion in the Nort-West area of Romania, retaining these features through history. It was first recognized in 1113, under the Latin name “Varadinum”, and was managed at different times by the Principality of Transylvania, the Ottoman Empire, and the Habsburg Monarchy.
The city is located around 10 kilometers from Bors, the Romanian border with Hungary and is considered the most essential crossing point on the west border. Its one the few undiscovered jewelries of Romania’s tourism. The city combines a great site and environment with dreamy baroque architecture from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, with a charming association of Romanian and Hungarian cultures. The city was handed back countless times among Hungary and Romania, and these two cultures are obvious in the city, giving it a distinctive appeal and lovely combination of architecture.
In the year of 1836 a large part of the city of Oradea was devastated by fire. The charming town of present-day Oradea was recreated in the 18th century to the strategies of Viennese engineer, Franz Anton Hillebrandt, which followed the then-trendy Austrian architectural elegance, called Secession. In addition to the many Baroque edifices, Oradea is outstanding for its predominantly rich collection of Art Nouveau architecture.
One of the main attractions is the Roman Catholic Cathedral which was built among 1752 and 1780, and is Romania’s largest Baroque religious structure. The Black Eagle Palace, situated in the Union Square, was made among 1907 and 1909 by Hungarian architects and is a glass-roofed Art Nouveau shopping arcade which runs through the two main edifices of the palace. Inside travelers will find a four-star hotel, several shops, and cafes.
The late Baroque Church of the Moon was finalized in 1790. The clock mechanism, fixed in 1793, features a half-gold, half-black sphere, is preserved in continuous motion, replicating the stages of the moon and giving the church its name.
In the city of Oradea travelers will be able to discover seven architectural styles, such as Baroque, Classical, Eclectic, Historicist, Secession, Romantic and neo-Romanian, which can be admired while visiting Oradea’s most popular walkway zone: the Union Square.
Several travelers also make a stopover in Oradea previously travelling further on from/ to Cluj-Napoca, Sibiu, Sighisoara, Brasov or Bucharest. Oradea’s closest international airports are Cluj-Napoca’s Avram Iancu Airport and Budapest’s Liszt Ferenc Airport, which attends flights from all corners of Europe. Also, Baile Felix Spa Resorts are positioned only 10 kilometers away. This resort is home to numerous thermal springs and medical centers.