Rupea – the greatness of the hill

The people of Romania are proud of their historical legacy.

The city of Rupea has a wonderful citadel that steals glances. The fortress and some traditions of this place are still preserved. Rupea City was a Dacian place named Rumidava. During Roman occupation its name was Rupes which means rock or stone in Latin language. On the hill of this city visitors can see the imposing Rupea’s Citadel, with an historical allure. In the area, locals are still exploiting remained salt water from specially arranged wells.

Rupea’s Citadel

This beautiful vestige is built on Hill of Cohalmului and dominates the whole city. Rupea’s Citadel is one of the oldest historical sites from Romania. Under the hill on which stands was found traces of Paleolithic and Neolithic epochs. It was built as a fortress and a refuge for the surrounding villages. The first document dates from 1324 when the Saxons revolted against King Charles Robert of Hungary, which took refuge inside the citadel, Castrum Kuholm. Kuholom means “basalt” and the name came from the rock on which it was built. The Citadel is built in a spiral stone shape. The fortress is composed of successive enclosures, strengthened with towers polygons. Three distinct enclosures are called upper fortress, middle fortress and lower fortress. Upper Fortress covers about 1500 square meters, and its walls are combined with rocks hill. Behind the walls visitors can find Larder Tower witch is a legacy of the Saxons passage here, Powder Tower – through the narrow alleyway which allowed access to the site and still inexhaustible fountain. In the Middle Fortress people can find Bars Tower, a chapel and a pentagonal tower. About this pentagonal tower, is considered to be unique in Europe. Lower Fortress is the legacy of the 18th century and here are distinguished guard house and a body intended as military warehouse.

Evanghelic – Luteran Church

Rupea City owns a Gothic church made as a room, which dates 14th -16th centuries. A very interested thing is that this beautiful church has murals in limestone representing people in motion. The altar’s church dates from 1079. The organ instrument found inside of the church dates from 1726.On the southern wall, above the gallery, travelers can admire traces of the fresco before the Reformation.

Ethnographic Museum “Gheorghe Cernea”

Visiting this museum tourist can see illustrations of traditional occupations of the local residents and their habits such as: pottery, feast crown, fishing, and wedding, traditional Romanian interior, Saxon interior grocery store. Inside is a special section dedicated to Gheorghe Cernea, a famous Romanian folklorist and ethnographer. The Rupea Fortress takes tourists to another epoch and is worth to visit it at least once in your life time. The beauty of the area helps travelers forget about technology and their busy life.

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Adela Petrus
“At any age, man is a creature that feeds on stories. Therefore, the wealth measured in stories, gathered by the people across the globe, from house to house, from century to century, either spoken or in writing, exceeded any other human wealth” - Rabindranath Tagore


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