Sighisoara – one of the most beautiful medieval towns in Europe

A tour travel into the heart of Romania would not be complete without visiting Sighisoara. Discover Transylvania as you find yourself going back to medieval times, in a city that still preserves the history of ancient times.

Located in Mures County, on the Tarnava Mare River, is close to the cities Sibiu- 91 km, Targu Mures- 51 km and Brasov- 115 km. The city administers multiple villages and is well-known in Europe as one of the best preserved inhabited citadels. During Roman times, when the Dacians populated the territory, they built a fortification called Sandava. Later, under Roman administration, it was called Castrum Stenarum.

As time went by, Sighisoara became an important strategic center for Transylvania, so during the 12th century, merchants and craftsmen known as Transylvanian Saxons built a new citadel to defend the frontiers and expand the settlement. The actual name is first documented in 1435.

So, the town was then an important royal center and played a commercial role in Central Europe for many centuries. Medieval architecture, fortifications, old frescoes and historical streets, Sighisoara should make the top of the list on your tour travel.

Artisans from all over the Roman Empire were attracted to this medieval small city, and during the 16th and 17th centuries, craftsmen were gathered in more than 20 guilds and branches, helping the urban economy to bloom. But in that time, it also suffered fires, plagues and military occupation.

The charm and the historical value of numerous buildings and streets determined the city to be listed by UNESCO a World Heritage Site. This fairytale town represents a major attraction point for tourists in the country and all over Europe. Also, with its location, geographical conditions, cultural events, traditions and especially the fabulous history that surrounds it, Sighisoara is the way in discovering Transylvania.

The two parts of the fortified city consist in the lower town that is situated in the river’s valley, and the medieval stronghold built on the top of a hill. It is also known as the “Citadel”, military and political building. The towers are definitely the main attractions and here are the most important: Sighisoara Clock Tower, Thinsmith’s Tower, The Butcher’s Tower, Cobbler’s Tower and Blacksmith’s Tower.

Moreover, the churches are valuable historic monuments, with representative Gothic architecture, wonders for visitors’ eyes. There’s the Church on the hill, The Church of the Dominican Monastery, The Saint Joseph Roman Catholic church and The Orthodox Cathedral of Sighisoara.

Other important objectives that are not to miss in the tour travel are the civil architecture structures, over 300 years old. The Scholar’s Stairs, Hill School of Sighisoara or The Citadel Square along some very well kept houses: The Stag House, Venetian or Green House and Vlad Dracula’s House.

Vlad Dracula’s House is the place where Vlad Tepes (The Impaler) was born in 1431 and lived with his father. Vlad was the inspiration for the famous novel of Bram Stoker, Dracula.

Sighisoara’s traditions are very well represented through manifestations and annual festivals such as Festival of Medieval Arts and Crafts, Festival of Blues Music, The Film Festival and many more.

Discover Transylvania in a beautiful combination of history, charm and comfort of modernism, in a fairytale town that keeps medieval secrets.

 

About Author

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Miruna Zaharescu
My passion for traveling must come from the fact that I want to learn more about the world we live in, explore new things and places and discover myself. Through writing, I feel that I get the chance to express myself and that I am allowed to create something of my own making. You let your thoughts and opinions out there for the world to see them and you get to improve your creativity with every article you write.

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