By rising over the city, Fagaras Fortress protects the residents of Fagaras city with its magnificent and greatness, being one of the largest and best preserved medieval citadels in Europe. This is one of the reasons why it was always been desired due to its strategic placement.
Fagaras Fortress is one of the most significant monuments of Fagaras area, being an important home for nobles and principles. This Feudal Complex was made on the site of a wooden fortress built in the 12th century. The first citadel was strengthened buy a moat and ramparts. Because of the fire the construction was built of stone. In the 16th century, Michael the Brave takes possession of this fortress. Michael the Brave was Prince of Wallachia (as Michael II, 1593-1601), Prince of Moldavia (1600) and de facto ruler of Transylvania (1599–1600). After that, this fortress was given to Lady Stanca, his wife, as a gift. Thereby the fortress becomes a place of shelter for his family and his possessions.
In the 17th century, Fagaras Fortress became Fagaras’s political and administrative center.
Every leader of the fortress made improvements to this place. This includes Gabriel Bethlen who was the Principle of Transylvania between 1613-1629. During his reign were made open loggias in massive masonry arches. In the fortress corners were built four bastions in Italian style.
Fagaras Fortress was attacked numerous times throughout history, but the extremely well done defense system, the thick walls and location in a marshy area, can entitled it “ the fortress that never have been conquered”, at least not by arms force.
Between Gheorghe Rakoczi II (Principle of Transylvania between 1648-1660) the walls from North and South were filled with ground, creating the resistance of 8 meters thick. Besieged and taken over by Austrians, these building became military and political prison in 1699.
The American Publication Huffington Post ranked Fagaras Fortress on Number 2 among the most beautiful castles in the world in 2014.
After leaving the citadel visitors can walk on the canal and nourish white swans. Also, tourists can cross the lake with water bikes or shop some souvenirs, at specially designed wooden boxes.
Museum of Fagaras “Valer Literat”
It is wearing the name of the man who founded in 1923, Professor Valter Literat. The museum has mixed profile (history, art, ethnography) and offers 18 rooms to visit. Among collections that can be found inside visitors can see: archaeology, weapons, coins, tiles, old books, documents, glass factory, plastic arts and crafts, folk pottery, costumes, fabrics, custom icons on glass, wood art, crafts.
Fagaras Fortress is an optimal choice for all ages. You can spend here a relaxing day or enjoy the multiculturalism with your family and friends, and learn about diverse cultures which marketed this place from one century to another.