Neamt Citadel (Romanian: Cetatea Neamt or Cetatea Neamtului) is a medieval fortress located in north-eastern part of Romania, near Targu Neamt, Neamt County. It was built in the 14th century, during Petru I of Moldavia’s reign and extended in the 15th century. The citadel had a key part in Stephen III of Moldavia’s defense system, along with Suceava, Hotin, Soroca, Orhei, Tighina, Chilia and Cetatea Alba.
Later, the hypothesis on the beginnings of the citadel could be reconsidered. Thus, in the material dating from the lowest layer of citadel, revealed by systematic investigations, were identified coins from the reign of Petru I Musat from 1375-1391 years.
Today is established that Neamt Fortress was built in the second part of the reign of Petru I, during which Moldova has experienced a continuous political and economic development. International travelers can admire the Neamt Citadel like a large building, which required a huge effort and considerable material resources that is made of huge stone bricks.
Neamt Fortress was clearly documented a few years later, approximate in 1395, during the expedition of King Sigismund of Hungary in Moldova. “The Neamt from mountains” is stated in the Russian Chronicle that describes the cities to the east of the Carpathians, dated between 1387-1391, which could refer both to the city and the citadel.
An impressive fact is that the fortress was built on a rocky triangular spur, with height of about 480 m above sea level and 80 m above the level of Neamt River. The citadel has an unequable sides shape, constructed to the configuration of the land. The northern and southern sides are 38.5 and 37.5 m long, the eastern side have a length of 47 m and the western side is 40 m long.
One of the most attractive views of the fortresses is the towers of the four corners which are not placed outside the walls that give a charm to the building. The squares are directly into the frame walls. The natural fortification of three sides permitted their building outside. Moreover, every tourist needs to know that the garrison had currently 300 soldiers which give to fortress the smell of battles and war on its territory.
In the 18th century, it lost its political or military importance and began to deteriorate. During the reign of Mihail Sturdza – prince of Moldavia from 1834 to 1849, the citadel was protected and in 1866 was declared a historical monument. Nowadays, the fortress represents one of the most visited objectives in Romania that can show to every guest the national history.