Royal Palace – an edifice under the sign of change

Royal Palace from Bucharest capital is the Romanian royalty symbol which has gone through constant changes. During time, this sumptuous building was extended, burned, demolished, rebuilt, restored and strengthened.  In its beginnings this edifice was the Golescu’s family house. The edifice is located on Victoriei Square, in the central part of Bucharest.

Descendants of this boyar family sell this house and in 1837, ruler Dimitrie Ghica changed it in an important building from Royal Court. It is transmitted to Stirbei Voda and after, to Alexandru Ioan Cuza.  Cuza brought here the symbol of unification and in his times, to this construction was added an additional floor.

When King Carol I of Romania arrived here, he saw this wonderful building and transformed it in a Royal Palace. Carol I helped this edifice to reach the European standards. For this he encouraged French styles in urban development and made two new buildings to the original left one. In 1882 here is built the central corpus, a new building that houses the Throne Room and large reception rooms. The third new construction is used for the guard and the floor provides accommodations for the guests.

The Royal Palace from Bucharest benefited from the first electric lighting installation, between 1882 and 1906.

In the night from 7 to 8 December, 1926 a fire destroy the central corpus of Royal Palace. Because of all this loss, King Ferdinand I of Romania decided to renovate the building, with modifications and improvements in 1927. Now, the first floor is raised to 5 meters and the Hall Throne, Hall Ceremony and Gala Lunches are improved.

In 1930, King Carol II of Romania returned to the throne and he wanted to restore this palace to its original form, but the State allocated money only for conservation. For the renovation are used stone and marble that are natural and qualitative, a material that imitate marble for a cheap structure.

The Big Hall from the ground floor uses the Adams architectural style. This style is invented by British architectures, and proves elegance and power, but also uses some elements from classical architecture. King Carol II made the last modifications and restorations to this imposing palace.

When Communist Regime gained power they transformed the Royal Palace in a complex of Art Museum dedicated to People’s Republic of Romania and a Council of State. As an important event that took place here was the exhibition of returned treasure from USSR in 1956.

Since 1950, Royal Palace hosted the National Art Museum of Romania. For the stylistically aspects are used Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Classicism styles. Tourists that visit this beautiful edifice delight they’re eyes with paintings that show: landscapes of the country’s wealth, peasant’s photos and habits, semi-mythological scenes. To the semi-basement level there is a Royal pool holding a decorative frieze with dolphins. At the second floor are the European Art Exhibition and the Florentine Hall with its painted wooden boxes. Probably, the most important items of this construction are the Voivodes Stairs and the great Throne Hall.

The Royal Palace, known today as the National Art Museum of Romania remains the symbol of national historical arts and change, and is the most important art museum from Romania.

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Adela Petrus
“At any age, man is a creature that feeds on stories. Therefore, the wealth measured in stories, gathered by the people across the globe, from house to house, from century to century, either spoken or in writing, exceeded any other human wealth” - Rabindranath Tagore

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