The Museum of Ethnography – discovering the universe of Transylvanian culture

The Transylvanian Museum of Ethnography (in Romanian: Muzeul Etnografic al Transilvaniei) is located in Cluj-Napoca, Romania. It was founded in 1922 and it has started its activity officially since 1st of January 1923. It is the first Romanian museum founded on a scientific program, having as contributors great specialists of the epoch.
The museum has a collection of more than 50,000 objects reflecting the occupations, the habits and the life style of the Transylvanian rural population. Part of this collection is to be found in the Reduta Palace while the rest of the objects are in the open-air section.
The collection here presented is a representative selection of the items and clothes used in rural everyday life. Besides, Reduta Palace also houses a collection of some 50,000 photographs and some 5,000 diapositives. The library of the museum has some 12,000 scholarly journals and specialized magazines.
Withal the Museum has an important room with original artifacts like: unique type of money from Transylvanian territory, shoes made of straw, beef leather, homemade toys and women’s accessories.
Besides this, the Transylvania Museum of Ethnography has prepared a showy tour for public which consists of 8 rooms: Occupation, Alimentation, Ceramics , Textiles, Clothes, Habits, International section, Department outdoors
One of the most popular exhibitions is the one which presents the traditional clothes where every visitor may see national ports which symbolize the depth of culture in this country.
Visitors are encouraged to analyze delicate fabrics of traditional blouse named in Romanian language “ie”- made of white cotton cloth. Moreover, only here people can notify the differences between peasant clothes and elite ports.
In the room dedicated to the traditional musical instruments there are exhibited signaling old instruments, such as flutes, shepherd’s pipes, stringed instruments: lute, zither, violin, double bass, and in the sector that shows the traditional food there is exhibited the household inventory used for cooking – at the fireplace – in the Transylvanian peasant houses at the end of the 19th century.
For those who are fascinated in this appealing tour, the Museum’s exhibitions are opened from Wednesday to Sunday from 10am until 6pm. Guests are not allowed to consume food and drink inside the Museum, in the exhibitions’ areas, but after ending the tour, travelers can stopped to have dinner on the same street where are different types of restaurants and fast food courts.
After a long day of historical dates and artifacts, tourists may go by walk for a recreation to the Botanical Garden that is near Museum. The place is much groomed and tranquility of nature that will give new powers for next day exploration.

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Valeria Bragarenco
"Journalism can never be silent: that is its greatest virtue and its greatest fault. It must speak, and speak immediately". Copywriting is a destiny not a similar job. There is no rules, no limits just you and paper. This way I choose to find myself in this splendid and special world of columns, articles,writing and reading.


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