The Transylvanian Saxons (Romanian: Sasi, German: Siebenbürger Sachsen) are a population of ethnic Germans  who established in Transylvania around the 12th century.

In the 12th century, King Géza II of Hungary (reigned 1141–1162) invited Germans to settle in Transylvania to protect and keep the territory. The first group of immigrants fixed their households in southern Transylvania, in the region of Nagyszeben known today as Sibiu.

After the first wave of Germans, followed the second strong movement , which started after the Hungarian king Andrew II that reigned from 1205 to 1235 granted the Barcasag area. In our days  the location is named Brasov.

After a short period of emigration, the king Andrew II, wanted to win the Saxons’ favors against the Teutonic Knights, and granted the Saxons a wide range of privileges in his decree of 1224, called the Andreanum. As a result the Saxons were connected as one nation under the leadership of the crown lieutenant and they received new territories.

Saxons received free elections for priests and local leaders, together with exemption from customs duties and taxes, except for an annual payment to the king for the lands they had received from him. They were indebted to provide soldiers for his majesty army, members of their patrician class.

After the end of World War I, many Saxons sustained the unification of Transylvania with the Kingdom of Romania. They were promised full minority rights, but many wealthy Saxons lost their properties during the land reform process that was implemented in Romania after this devastating was. Taking into consideration the rise of Adolf Hitler in Germany, many Transylvanian Saxons became staunch supporters of National Socialism, and the Church very lost its influence in the community.

In the 50’s the Saxons represented around 8 percent of the population of Transylvania, but in the late 70’s the number had decreased to less than 5 percent.

Under the Nicolae Ceausescu  communist dictatorship (1965 to 1989), most of the Saxons migrated to West Germany. The great majority of Transylvanian Saxons now live in Germany.

Today, in Romania, are more than 20,000 Saxons, constituting less than 1 percent of he country’s population. They are represented by the Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania, the political party that gave Romania its fifth president, Klaus Iohannis. Before he was elected president of Romania in November 2014 , Iohannis was the mayor of Sibiu from 2000 to 2014.

Discover Transylvania in the heart of Romania, with a tour travel in the breathtaking city of Brasov, fringed by the peaks of Southern Carpathian Mountains and filled with Gothic, baroque and renaissance architecture.

One of the most visited cities in Romania, Brasov provides plenty of historical attractions and medieval ambiance for thousands of tourists every year. Strolling around the town, the seven bastions that were built are still visible today. They represent Brasov’s defensive fortifications, and they were erected by Saxons, due to numerous invasions over the centuries.

One of the most imposing and well-preserved such bastion is the White Tower that watches over the sight observation of the town, with a height of almost 20 meters. It is first documented in various existent documents around the year of 1460, respectively 1494.

What is known is that the tower represents a symbol of the medieval town and its five stories on which it is structured can be visited. The White Tower, like the Black Tower is located on Straja Hill and was built of stone and brick in the 15th century with the purpose of defense and observation. It can be reached by climbing next to the Graft Bastion, on the north side of the Citadel that makes a connection point with the tower.

The bastion has a horseshoe shape and was intended to the guilds of Tanners and Coppersmiths, with the top being finished in battlements. The name comes from the color that was used to paint it, nothing else but white lime, the whitewash that coated its walls.

Given the great fire in 1689 that grounded Brasov, the White Tower got the first restoration in 1723. The access in the 20 m high tower was made with the help of ladders, but now the visitors can climb the stone stairs to get inside.

The imposing architectural walls can be seen in the closed semicircular construction of the tower, with cutouts for fire arms and equipped with throwing and shooting holes against the attackers. Inside the tower, there are temporary exhibits belonging to the County Museum of History, such as exhibits of the old medieval town, schemes of the bastion, and also fire arms.

This tour travel will reveal the remarkable architecture seen even in our days, characterized by its massiveness but also by its slender architectural lines. The supply and the access in the tower were made through a wooden ladder. In the interior, there were five defense galleries, on each level of the tower. It also disposes of ramparts, openings for pitch and balconies supported by brackets carved in stone.

The stone and brick walls, the heights of 20 meters and the defense mechanisms emphasize a construction adapted for the fights with firearms. With a view towards Blumana and with its 5 stories, the White Tower was the highest point of fortification in Brasov.

Discover the amazing beauty of Transylvania in a tour travel that takes you back in time, visiting the most important defensive towers of the Citadel, symbols of the past history.



Discover Romania in the beautiful Prahova Valley, a famous mountain region located in the Carpathian Mountains, on the Prahova River trail. The valley is situated in the south-east part of Romania, in the heart of Muntenia, and is about 100 km north of the capital city of Bucharest.

The region has its point of origin in Piatra Mare, forming between Predeal and Campina one of the biggest and spectacular narrow passes in Romania. This tour travel will take you in the most visited areas in the Carpathians, where plenty of tourist resorts are being found.

The climatic conditions associated with the particular natural landscape make the valley an important region, very frequented by tourists, where the mountain resorts found here are the favorite destinations for winter sports lovers, but of those who love the mountain as well.

With the varieties of accommodation possibilities, endowments, services and facilities offered, it represents one of the most visited areas showing a big concentration of resorts. Like Sinaia, the former residence of the royal family, Busteni, Azuga and Predeal, in Brasov County.

Another great part of Prahova County is the Bucegi Massif, the most grandiose mountain of this part of the country because of its height and massiveness. It was declared a National Park, preserving spectacular natural forms of relief like the famous ones: The Sphinx, The Old Women or the Lonely Stones.

Every year, lots of tourists admire the natural background, the rich alpine vegetation and fauna found in the Bucegi Mountains. Moreover, the massif has marked paths, cabins and chalets and also ski slopes.

In this tour travel, you will find the ideal holiday place in every season, whether you like skiing or hiking. Prahova Valley houses major sights like Peles Castle, Caraiman Cross, The Old Women and The Sphinx, Cantacuzino Castle and many more.

Also, the city of Busteni is located in the foothills of Bucegi Mountains and is one of the most visited in Romania. It provides opportunities for winter sports and picturesque panoramas.

Other important tourist resorts and towns are Sinaia, known as the Pearl of Carpathians. It is famous for its modern ski slopes, treatments available here, and the royal tourist attractions: Peles and Pelisor Castle, built by King Carol I, Sinaia Casino,  and Sinaia Monastery. Beyond the beauty of the landscape that delights the eyes of viewers at every step of the way, the valley is rich in cultural buildings, religious and architectural edifices.

Nonetheless, Prahova Valley is one of the most beautiful regions in Romania, situated in the most picturesque area of the Carpathians, with fabulous views, welcoming people, historical towns and dreamy mountain resorts.

As that, tourism is an important activity in these parts of Prahova county. This tour travel will provide you luxury hotels, welcoming guest houses, castles, museums, slopes, restaurants or bars, and many other things that your soul will enjoy.

Discover Romania in the valley where Prahova River makes its way, a destination in the mountains where you can’t get bored.


A major symbol of Brasov and an open museum for visitors, the Black Church represents one of the biggest historic monuments of Transylvania. A grand religious edifice, this is the place for worship of the Lutheran (Evangelical Church of Augustan Confession) in Romania.

According to the Brasov‘s Black Church history, the monument was built during 14th to 15th century. The works begin in 1383 based on a project in Gothic style with impressive sizes: 89 m length, 38 m width and 42 m height. In 1421 when the work is almost completed the Turks invade and cause serious damage to the construction.

After the danger passes, the project is continued and the building is finished and consecrated in 1477. Over 500 years old, it can house 5000 people. And more than that it has the biggest bell in the country, weighing over 6.3 tones, in its tower.

The Black Church history facts confirm that the current name of the church comes after, in 1689, the fire that covered the whole city, turned it into a ruin. The smoke blackened the walls so the facade couldn’t be renovated for a long period. Because of its black walls the place of worship was called the Black Church and the restoration took 100 years.

Initially, the original structure was known as Saint Mary Church, and it was Roman Catholic. During the Protestantism Reformation the Catholic services were replaced with Lutheran ones. The Black Church’s organ, Buchholz, built in the early Romantic period, is considered one the biggest in Europe. With 4000 pipes, famous for its sonority, is played during weekly concerts.

Except Turkey, the Black Church possesses the biggest collection of oriental rugs in Europe, dating from the 15th and 17th centuries. They were donated by Transylvanian Saxon merchants, craftsmen and citizens of the city. With its imposing exterior, in the inside the tourists can discover countless art objects like the bronze font donated in 1472 by Vicar Johannes Reudel, made by the local craftsmen.

In the South part there is a mural painting of Virgin Mary with Child Jesus made after 1476. Filled with old furniture objects, worship items, the Black Church has remarkable values. Pews belonging to 18th and 19th centuries certify the intense activity of Brasov’s guilds. Also the neogothic altar (1866) alongside many other pieces made of gold and tombstones of personalities of the city.

In the back, two expositions are permanently open, they tell the history of the church and of reformer Johannes Honterus. On the frontal wall in the North naos, an oil painting on canvas called “The Wedding from Cana” is exposed. The interior suffered many restorations across the time, leaving a strong baroque influence. The sculptures from the exterior were replaced with copies and brought inside.

The originals found in the church are very impressive and some very old, like the bust of Saint John the Baptist. The others represent Virgin Mary, Saints Luke, Sebastian and Pavel, Saint Thomas and Saint Jacob the Pilgrim.

Enduring several renovation and maintenance work in the course of time, The Black Church never lost its sacral importance in Romania. The cathedral is a major symbol in Transylvanian history, and the greatest religious monument from Istanbul to Vienna, as some historians are saying.

Brasov is one of the most cherished and visited places in Romania. Capital of Brasov County, is located about 166 km of Bucharest and 380 km from the Black Sea. Situated in the heart of Transylvania, it benefits of an important cultural and ancient history. Virgin Mary is considered to be the Patron of the city.

A town of large dimensions, it was the perfect place for a medieval settlement. With the Southern Carpathians surrounding the area, it makes the exploring of the countryside an unforgettable experience.

In 1211, the Teutonic Knights founded the old city, but there are numerous evidence of people living in the area way back in the Bronze Age. German colonists also played a role in the development of this important center.

For centuries, Brasov represented one of the most powerful and flourishing cities in Transylvania. With its privileged geographic position and infrastructure, today the cultural, sports and economic activities are bigger than ever.

The beautiful story behind its name comes from many sources, as in Latin it was called Corona, city of the Crown, and in German Kronstadt. The legend of King Solomon states that during his times thieves were chasing him and he found refuge in the forests of Brasov.

He took his crown off his head and left it by a tree. The invaders thought he fell in a hollow so he managed to hide in a cave that now wears his name. Solomon’s Rocks are today a splendid view for tourists and a popular picnic area for locals.

The name of the local river Barsa it is thought to have an influence on the city’s name. Nonetheless, its origins are lost in the dark times of the medieval age, making Brasov one of the best preserved cities in all of Europe.

Coming back in the present, tourists need to check this spot on their visiting wishlist. The place to begin is the historical center, the Council Square, famous for hosting the “Golden Stag International Music Festival”. Important names got on the stage such as Toto Cutugno, Thomas Anders, Ray Charles, Christina Aguilera and Kylie Minogue.

Follow the beautifully ornamented and painted baroque structures to get a look inside of the Black Church, the largest gothic church in Romania. The name was given by the fact that flame and smoke blackened the walls in a great fire.

In the nearby, the Council House, St. Nicholas Church, the First Romanian School museum represent significant monuments in the city’s religious and cultural history. Also, another interesting thing for tourists to mark on their agenda is the Rope Street, the narrowest street in Romania.

Get to see Catherine’s Gate and Schei Gate, surviving from medieval times. The Black Tower offers great opportunities to take photos of city. There is The White Tower, Weaver’s Bastion and Brasov’s Fortress, a part of the outer fortification system.

Because the town is situated at the foot of the mount Tampa, there are several hiking trails starting near the old center. The mountain top gives a perfect sightseeing spot of Brasov.

Just 12 km away, Romania’s most famous skiing resort, Poiana Brasov, gives winter sports fans unforgettable moments with great accommodation, restaurants, clubs and bars. Predeal, other important mountain resort is located at 25 km away.

The city of Brasov provides a mix of medieval history, wonderful scenery and dynamic modern life, therefore is one thing not to miss in the heart of Transylvania.