Henri Coanda International Airport is located outside the urban area of Bucharest -Otopeni, Ilfov County- and is the busiest airport in Romania. The airport is located at a distance of 16.5 km from the center of Bucharest. It is named after Romanian flight pioneer Henri Coanda, builder of Coanda – 1910 aircraft and discoverer of the Coanda effect of fluidics. Until May 2004, the official name was Bucharest Otopeni International Airport.
Henri Coanda International Airport serves as headquarters for Tarom, the national airline of Romania and the private company Tiriac Air. Also, it is the base of operations for charter companies and low-cost, Air Bucharest, Blue Air and Wizz Air.
The airport is administered by Bucharest Airports National Company SA. It has 2 tracks with 70 destinations, 38 airlines and operators and in 2016 was registered 10.981.652 passengers to travel from Henri Coanda International Airport. Regarding the airport history, during the World War II, Otopeni airport was used as a military base by the German air force. By 1965, it was limited to military use and was one of the most important bases of the Romanian Air Force.
In 1965, a new commercial airport was built in Otopeni. The track was modernized and extended to 3,500 meters, making it one of the longest runways in Europe at that time. In August 1969, when President Nixon of the United States visited Romania, it was opened a VIP lounge.
In 1970 was opened a new passenger terminal (designed by Cezar Lazarescu) with a capacity of 1.2 million passengers per year and the second runaway was built in 1986, having 3,500 meters long. Finally, in 1992, Otopeni Airport became a regular member of Airports Council International (ACI) and it was ready to be upgraded over a long period of time that lasts until today.
Airport facilities consist of a single terminal with two main buildings: Departures Terminal and Arrivals Terminal, connected by passage which include a variety of shops, cafes, lounges and internet cafe. The airport has 32 gates, 14 of which are equipped with tunnels for transfer to the aircraft. Henri Coanda International Airport is accessible via bus lines, train, taxi or personal car. In 2015, Henri Coandă International Airport was ranked, by Airports Council International – Europe, in fourth place among European airports with the highest air traffic growth in the first half of the year, in the category of airports which had between 5 and 10 million passengers.