Romania’s topography is very fascinating for one reason; it displays all forms of land in an almost equal percentage. The land forms divided in 31 percent of mountains, 33 percent of hills and 36 of plains spread almost symmetrically throughout the land, from the over 2400 meters high Carpathian Mountains to the almost sea level of the Danube Delta.

The highest form of land is represented by the Carphatian Mountains, which are divided in three sections: the Eastern, the Southern, also called Transylvanian Alps, and the Western Carpathians.

The Eastern Carpathians ensure over 30 percent of Romania’s woodlands and contain huge gold and silver deposits and numerous water springs. The maximum altitude goes over 2000m with Pietrosul Calimanilor and Pietrosul Rodnei peaks.

In the Southern Carpathians there are the highest altitudes, Moldoveanu Peak and Negoie both exceed 2500 meters and over 150 glacial lakes. On the other hand, the Western Carpathians exhibits lower altitudes but many caves, passes, depressions and gorges.

The lower landforms of Romania, with hills, plateaus and plains are: the Transylvanian Plateau, the Wallachian Plain and the Danube Delta.

Located in the center of Romania, the Transylvanian Plateau is enclosed within the Carpathians and is the largest tableland in the country. Here can be found large deposits of salt and methane gas. Other tablelands are the Getic Tableland and Moldavian Tableland located near the Sub-Carpathians, two landforms which provide prosperous conditions for human settlement as it is perfect for fruit growing, viticulture and agriculture.

South from Carpathians lie the Oltenian Plain and the Romanian Plain, which has the Danube Plain to its east, divided only by the Olt River. These form Romania’s most important farming region.

The lowest landform in Romania is the Danube Delta, which is a swampy area of floating islands and sandbanks where the 3000 km long Danube ends and divides into three branches: Chilia, Sulina and Sf. Gheorghe, to thereafter empty into the Black Sea. This UNESCO World Heritage site is a natural preserve for extremely rare species of animals and plants.

The land forms of Romania are under a temperate continental climate in transition, manifested by some oceanic influences by the Black Sea, Scandinavian-Baltic influences in the region of BucovinaMaramures, and a Mediterranean climate felt on the southern borders of the country. Most of the country experiences a wet temperate continental climate, whereas the Carpathians exhibit a cool continental or even alpine climate.

The highest road in Romania, reaches the altitude of 2145 m in Urdele Pass, the road crosses the Parang Mountains, part of the Carpathian Mountains.

The road connects Novaci (Gorj County) with Sebes (Alba County), with a total length of 148 km.

The name of the road comes from Latin: “Transalpina” – The country beyond the mountains, it was the named used by old maps and it was also named “The kings road”, because in 1938 King Carol II, after rebuilding it, with his entire family crossed the mountains on this road.

Although much older, higher and more beautiful than Transfagarasan is less known, because Transalpina classified as national road , it was paved only in 2009.

Transalpina was built by the Roman armies on their way to Sarmisegetusa, paved with stones by King carol II, and rehabilitated by Germans in World War II, and then forgotten by Romanian authorities.

Because was hard to access the road with normal cars and was forgotten by many years, helped to keep untouched wilderness and charm of this road. It is among the few roads on which you can reach the clouds and even above them.

Today Transalpina can be crossed during the summer period usually from the end of May until Oktober, but it depends on the wheather.

Transfagarasan road – The best road in the world

The Transfăgărășan road was showcased in a section of the British TELEVISION program Top Gear (November 2009 – Transfagarasan top gear edition). Host Jeremy Clarkson declared that the Transfăgărășan was “the best road on the world,” a title the speaker had actually formerly provided to the Stelvio Pass in Italy.

The Transfăgărășan was built between 1970 and 1974 under the guideline of Nicolae Ceaușescu, and as an action to the 1968 intrusion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union. Ceaușescu intended to guarantee fast army accessibility through the mountains in case of a Soviet intrusion.

The Transfagarasan road starts Bascov Village, Arges County near Pitesti and it ends at the intersection with DN1 road between Sibiu and Brasov, near Cartisoara, with a total length of 151 km, crossing the Fagaras Mountains.

The most spectacular part of the road is 91 km long, and it is situated between Vidraru dam and Cartisoara .

The national road named Transfagarasan connects the historical region Transylvania with Wallachia, crossing the Fagaras Mountains the highest mountains from Carpathian mountains in Romania, reaching an altitude of 2042 m high near Balea lake.

The roadway was formally opened on 20 September 1974, although some development works continued until 1980.

It is both a destination as well as a challenge for walkers, bikers and also motorbike fanatics.
The roadway also offers accessibility to Balea Lake and Balea Waterfall.

The Transfăgărășan roadway is generally close from late October till late June as a result of snow. Depending upon the Transfagarasan weather condition, Transfagarasan opening times – it could stay open till late November, or could be close also in the summer season.

The Transfagarasan has much more passages (a total amount of 5) and also viaducts compared to any other roadway in Romania. Near the acme, at Balea Lake, the roadway goes through Balea Tunnel, the lengthiest roadway passage in Romania:884 m (2,900 feet).

With Tour Travel by Odas Global Consulting you can visit top romanian roads: Transfagarasan road (described above) and Transalpina Road .