Cluj-Napoca is the second most crowded city in Romania, after Bucharest – Romania’s capital. Cluj-Napoca is located in the heart of Transylvania and is a multicultural European city and a significant endpoint for business in South-Eastern Europe. Cluj-Napoca has an extraordinary potential for foreign investments and is the residence city of Cluj County.

Thanks to splendor of the city, tourism branch is every time afoot. In 2007, the hotel industry in the county of Cluj offered total accommodations of 6,472 beds, of which 3,677 were in hotels, 1,294 in guesthouses and the rest in chalets, or hostels. A total of 700,000 visitors, 140,000 of whom were foreigners, stayed overnight. However, a considerable share of visits is made by those who visit Cluj-Napoca for a single day, and their exact number is not known.

The largest numbers of foreign visitors come from Hungary, Italy, Germany, United States, France, and Austria. This scale tourism is growing up day by day thanks to Avram Iancu International Airport Cluj, which flights are practically non- stop.

The International Airport connects Cluj with 43 cities from all over the world, offering straight flights. The main airlines are Lufthansa, Tarom, WizzAir, Blue Air, ASL Airlines, and LOT Polish Airlines S.A.

It’s important to know that Autonomous Cluj International Airport, subordinates Cluj County Council since 1997, and is the second airport of the country and the first regional airport in Romania.

Cluj County has about 700,000 inhabitants. From this point of view, Cluj-Napoca airport can be compared to airports in European cities such as Geneva and Stuttgart, which recorded annual 12 million and 9 million passengers.

Now, Cluj airport is in the 2nd place in Romania in terms of passenger numbers, after the airports from Bucharest – Henri Coanda International Airport and Bucharest Baneasa International Airport. Within a radius of 170 km around the city live about 3 million potential passengers, whose facility is a key focus for Cluj International Airport.

Also, Avram Iancu airport has received during time several awards: Diploma of business excellence, Diploma of Excellence in 2010, 2011, 2013 and 2015. Furthermore International Airport “Avram Iancu” Cluj R.A. ranks II among member companies of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry Cluj, Finmedia granted Avram Iancu International Airport Cluj the “award for permanent concern for development and modernization” in 2010.

The mission of this airport is to “Strengthened our position as one of the most important airports in Eastern Europe, which offers airlines worldwide through safe and quality services.” Cluj International Airport promotes personal values like: safety, security, professionalism, commitment, responsibility, excellency.

Discover Transylvania, home for the most of Europe’s well-preserved medieval places, with one of your favorite airlines.

The municipality of Turda is located in Cluj County. It is one of the six cities in this county and also the second biggest, after Cluj-Napoca, the county residence. Turda is situated on the Aries River, in the south side of the county, 30 kilometers away from Cluj-Napoca. Its territorial area of 92 square kilometers nests over 45 thousand inhabitants.

Although there are signs of Paleolithic settlements in this area, the first important human establishment was a Dacian one. Ptolemy mentions the city in one of his writings under the name of Potaissa. The Romans conquered the city between 101 and 106 AD.  They made it into one of their castrums and kept the given name of Potaissa. This name was first recorded in Milliarium of Aiton, an ancient milestone of the Romans, which suggests the constructions of a road between Potaissa and Napoca.

The castrum of Potaissa later became a municipium, then a colonia which served as a basecamp for Legio V Macedonica.

The Middle Ages brought to light the Turda salt mines along with the Hungarian invasion, although these were worked since prehistoric times. After Saxons had established in the 11th century, the town was destroyed in a Tatar invasion. After these invasions, the inhabitans of Turda decided to fortify all churches. The oldest historical and architectural monument is the Turda Reformed-Calvinist Church.

The town of Turda was exposed yet again during the Second World War, when it became the battlefield for Germans and Hungarians against Soviets and Romanians. The Battle of Turda was the biggest one held in Transylvania during that war.

The town is adorned with beautiful architecture, expressed by buildings like the City Hall, Mendel Villa, the Princely Palace, now the History Museum and Palace of Finance. The religious landmarks of Turda are the Orthodox Cathedral, the Roman-Catholic Church, the Mihai Voda Monastery along with Mihai the Brave’s tomb. Tourists can also see some natural landmarks, such as the Central Park, the Csiky Lake, the zoo, Teilor Park, the Ciucas waterfall.

Turda withholds very important touristic landmarks, not only within its confines, but also outside of it, such as Salina Turda salt mine and Turda Canyon (Cheile Turzii) natural reserve. Turda Canyon is a natural reserve situated 6 km west from Turda, inhabited since the Neolithic. This canyon has one of the richest and most picturesque karst landscapes in the country. More than 1000 species of plants and animals live here, some of them rare or endangered.

Tourists can find more about Salina Turda(Turda Salt Mine) in another article on this site.

Turda is a tourist attraction of national interest, considering it also has a spa resort, numerous hotels, a rich history as well as a splendid display of nature.

The Art Museum is situated in the center of Cluj-Napoca, east from St. Michael’s Cathedral. It is considered one of the most important museums of Romania, having 1200 pieces in its collection. The building in which this institution resides since 1956 is the Banffy Palace, a baroque monument dating from 1785.

The Banffy Palace was designed by a German architect named Johann Eberhard Blaumann. The client, Gyorgy Banffy, a Hungarian duke and the governor of Transylvania at that time, lived here until 1822. Later on, the building received a series of other purposes, such as a National Casino, apartments and commercial spaces, industrial companies’ residence and even a cinema in 1925.

The palace is a private property of Cluj County and it is under the Art Museum’s administration. In 1956, the county of Cluj brought the building into the Museum’s service, institution established in 1951. The palace was under heavy works of restoration between the years 1960 and 1974. The Art Museum moved to the partially restored palace in 1962 and was open to the public eye three years later.

The building is formed in 4 flanks that form a rectangular courtyard. The main entrance is monumental; having an imposing wrought iron gate which then opens up to 2 staircases on each side and the courtyard ahead. The gable-roof has the Banffy family’s blazon on it, sustained by to winged crown-headed griffins. Along these griffins there are symmetrically positioned statues of ancient deities, like Hercules, Perseus, Athena and Mars, made by sculptor Anton Schuchbauer.

The Banffy Palace (Palatul Banffy Cluj) is one of the most representative baroque style buildings of Transylvania, and is a first category building in a list of architectural and artistic patrimony of Romania.

The Banffy Family also a homonym castle in Bontida, where the well-known Electric Castle Festival is held annually. These two edifices of the family were mentioned in “Miss Tarring’s war”, the diary of an English governess in Hungarian Transylvania between 1914 and 1919. The palace was also visited by Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, Caroline Augusta of Bavaria and Franz Joseph I of Austria several times.

The National Museum of Art in Cluj-Napoca nests an extremely vast collection of art that covers domains like painting, sculpture, graphics, decorative arts and documented backgrounds.

Tourists can walk around the National Gallery, seeing artworks of the Romanian artists displayed in 21 rooms, creating an evolutionary journey of Transylvanian art. There are artists of the 19th century, like Nicolae Grigorescu and Stefan Luchian. The first half of the 20th century in Arts is represented here by Nicolae Tonitza, Theodor Pallady, Nicolae Darascu and a handful more; whereas the art of the second halfs is represented by Ion Tuculescu, Aurel Ciupe, Ion Vlasiu, Corneliu Baba. These aforementioned artists have created work of great significane for the detachment of communist artistic forms.

Besides the permanent collection, there are always new unique exhibitions in the left part of the main body and also in the courtyard. Not only that, it is also an adequate place for events of all sort: book launches, expos, galas, cultural festivals, conferences, theater and open air cinema.

The Art Museum of Cluj-Napoca also has a special program named “Interactive Museum”, where the patrimony collection of the Museum opens up to the public and to researchers every Thursday.

This place is a hard to miss double landmark of Cluj, where tourists can see not only an arts museum for very convenient prices, but also an architectural beauty for free.

Cluj-Napoca is the second biggest city in Romania, after Bucharest, commonly known as the unofficial capital of Transylvania. It is situated in the heart of the region, other renowned medieval cities orbit around it, such as Sibiu, Brasov and Sighisoara. While these towns are recognized for their medieval atmosphere, Cluj distinguishes itself by an energetic, youthful and urban-oriented culture.

Cluj dates back to 106AD, established as a Roman settlement under the name of Napoca, which later vanished only to be thereafter reawakened within the Hungarian conquest, under the name of Clusium. Matthias Corvinus helped with the acknowledgement of “Clusium” within economic, politic, urbanistic and cultural means, therefore the place was designated the title of “Treasure City” of the Transylvanian land. From this point onwards, Cluj has become a multicultural city.

The culture scene of Cluj-Napoca

The culture scene of Cluj-Napoca is displayed in plenty of fields and landmarks, which all burst out of the famous Union Square, spread around the tremendous St. Michael’s Church and Matthias Rex’s statue. Not far from these attractions, there is the Museum Square, which elaborates Matthias Corvinus’ persona through the Matia Memorial House. A deeper wandering in this “hidden treasure” of a Square will reveal the Franciscan Church, the oldest one in town and the National History Museum. Cluj has a series of other squares, such as Mihai Viteazu Square and Avram Iancu Square, which extend the central area.

The Banffy Palace, east from St. Michael’s Church, houses the Art Museum. To the west, on Memorandumului Street, there’s the Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania. These are the biggest museums of Cluj, but not the only ones.

There are two hills around the central area. To the Northern hill, the Cetatuia Park arises from the Central Park. These two parks are divided by the Somes River. On the Southern hill, there’s the radiant Botanical Garden of the Babes-Bolyai University.

Cluj-Napoca owes its youthful spirit to Babes-Bolyai University. It is the largest and most prestigious university in Romania, it nests over 40,000 students annually, specializing them in 114 domains. Therefore, the city became the Youth Capital of Europe in 2015, a year that reinforced the cultural scene with “infinite” events, campaigns, projects and festivals.

Some of the most known are Untold Festival, the Transylvania International Film Festival (TIFF), Cluj Days and the Electric Castle Festival in Bontida, a village not far away, where the Banffy Family have extended. Cluj Napoca nightlife offer lots of atractions.There are various accommodation options, from the standard pensions to very modern Cluj Napoca hotels, all of them offered for accessible and attractive prices.

Also, Cluj Napoca airport is one of the most important airports in Romania, which grants easier and faster traveling to or from this destination with .

These being said, Cluj-Napoca is worth visiting not only for its deeply Transylvanian spirit and traditions, but also for its ascending European identity.