Romania is a wonderful country, with gorgeous landscapes, amazing castles, fortresses, epic medieval cities and splendid architecture. In Romania you can practice many types of tourism, such as: cultural tourism (which is the most common type of tourism in Romania), historical tourism, adventure tourism, religious tourism, wellness tourism, scientific tourism, rural tourism, industrial tourism, and business tourism and so on.

Most of the European foreigners are fascinated by medieval cities and ancient churches, especially that built in Romanic and Gothic style. Some of them are practicing genealogy tourism. Germans and Hungarians come to see how their ancestors lived and to find more about them. The most important medieval cities are located in Transylvania. These are: Cluj-Napoca, Bistrita, Alba-Iulia, Brasov, Sibiu, Medias, Rasnov, Turda and Sighisoara. Each one of them has a gorgeous architecture and famous places and objectives to visit:

  • Michael’s Church,The Reformed Church from M. Kogalniceanu Street, Franciscan Church from Musem Square and Calvaria Church located in Cluj-Napoca.
  • Evangelic Church located in Bistrita
  • The Romano-catholic cathedral located in Alba Iulia
  • The Black Church located in Brasov
  • The Evangelic Church located in Sibiu
  • The Evangelic Church St.Margaret located in Medias
  • Monastery Church located in Sighisoara

Besides that, there are other fortified churches in Transylvania that are not located in cities, but in medieval villages. These are: Biertan, Calnic, Darjiu, Prejmer, Saschiz, Valea Viilor and Viscri. Many of these churches are part of UNESCO Heritage List. It is fascinating to see churches and buildings that preserved from almost 500-600 years or even more and trying to imagine how people were living back then.

Castles and fortresses represent strength for Romania. There are some castles that are famous all over the world, like Dracula’s Castle (Bran Castle – for its legend with vampires),the Palace of Parliament (second biggest building in the world, after Pentagon), Peles Castle (being nominalized by many top publications as the no. 1 castle in Europe) and Huniazilor Castle (for its legends and movies that were filmed there). Other fortresses that are worth visiting are Alba Iulia, Sighisoara, Rupea, Rasnov and the Dacian fortresses Sarmisegetusa Regia (the dacian capital, abandoned about 2000 years ago, which still preserves very well), Costesti and Banita.

Along with castles and fortresses, another famous built heritage made Romania famous: Maramures the land of wooden churches and Bucovina the land of painted monasteries.

Eight wooden churches from Maramures are part of UNESCO Heritage List, many of them built between 1700 and 1800. These UNESCO wooden churches are located in: Budesti, Desesti, Barsana, Poienile Izei, Ieud, Surdesti, Plopis si Rogoz. Besides these one, there are more wooden churches in the region.

The painted churches from Bucovina are part of UNESCO Heritage List too, eight of them, just like the wooden churches. These monasteries are: Arbore, Humor, Moldovita, Patrauti, Probota, Suceava, Moldovita and Voronet. The last one mentioned, Voronet is famous for its shade of blue. This shade of blue was named after the monastery: Voronet blue.

These are part of Romanian’s built heritage, a valuable treasure for us, Romanians, and for tourists.

After mentioning what it was built, we would like to mention what it was given by nature. Romania has wonderful landscapes and it’s called “The Carpathian Garden”. It has almost an equal percentage of mountains, hills and plains. It has almost 250 km of seaside, an unique Delta, Danube’s Delta, over 2000 caves and breathtaking mountains. Highest peak in Romania has 2544 meters. Romanian Carpathians are perfect for hiking, skiing or for scientific purposes. Two roads in the country are famous, Transfagarasan, called the most beautiful road in the world by many famous publications and Transalpina, at an altitude of 2000 meters and a breathtaking view.

Romania also has a large spectrum of mineral water, used to cure many diseases. The best known wellness and SPA resorts are: Baile Felix, Baile Herculane, Olanesti, Calimanesti, Caciulata, Sovata, Ocna Sugatag, and Tusnad.

In the end, I would like to talk about customs, traditions and folklore. There are some regions in Romania that some of traditions and customs are well preserved by locals. The most popular ones are on Christmas, New Year’s Eve, Easter, and 1st of March.

Easter is associated with painting and knocking eggs. Before Christmas and New Year’s Eve children and young men are going from house to house singing carols. For their effort, they receive cakes or traditional sweets. They wear traditional clothes and go to church on holidays, and many traditional dances and customs that are waiting to be discovered by tourists.

These are some reasons to visit Romania. I hope I aroused your curiosity to come and visit. We are waiting for you.

As one of the most important landmarks of Sibiu, the Council Tower is located in the Small Square and its ground floor is a passageway between the Small and Large Squares. The Tower was built in the 13th century and along the centuries; it has suffered several restorations which altered the initial form. The nucleus reaching the 1st floor is the only part of the Tower that was kept from the first construction and after that it was elevated several times and integrated in a group of buildings. The superior floors collapsed in 1585 and ample reconstruction works followed. The Council Tower was completely restored in the 1960s.

Along the years, the Council Tower served as several uses: gate tower, storehouse, fire watchtower, prison and natural sciences museum. Today, the Tower is used for exhibitions and a superb belvedere of Sibiu and Fagaras Mountains.

The Council Tower is a building with 7 floors which retract successively. The tower is supported by tall buttresses which have two embossed lions on the southern part.

Tourists can access the Council Tower through a small sized door from Small Square and you walk on steep narrow spiraled stairs from which you will be able to see your “ascending” through the miniature windows. Reaching the sixth floor you will stumble upon the huge clock which works on all fours sides of the tower, while the seventh floor will open up to an amazing belvedere of the old town. Visitors shouldn’t even fuss about the fees, as it is only 2 lei, roughly 0.5 Euro.

The Council Tower is probably the most famous out of the seventeen towers that Sibiu has. The city’s fortification system is divided in four belts of fortifications which tie the towers, bastions, passageways and churches. The Council Tower is part of the second belt of fortifications of Sibiu.

After all this information, you are probably wondering why it is named the Council Tower (Romanian: Turnul Sfatului); this is because it was situated right by the building where the city council gathered.

The Council Tower could be a place to either start or end a trip in Sibiu, as you can learn many things about its history or otherwise admire the beautiful architecture from the top.

Not only an main sight of Sibiu, which make sure you do not confuse with the tower of the Lutheran Church, another gorgeous tower in the Old Town, but as well a building with many important purposes throughout the years placed right in the heart of the city, the Council Tower deserves to be visited and it rewards all of its tourists with an extremely inexpensive entry fee.

One of the most enchanting cities in Romania is for sure Sibiu. If somebody asks why, the question is very simple: Sibiu is one of the most important cultural centers of Romania and was designated the European Capital of Culture for the year 2007, along with the city of Luxembourg. Sibiu’s Old Town retains the grandeur of its earlier days when rich and powerful guilds dominated regional trade.

Also, every tourist need to know that this city is a pedestrian-friendly city with two easily accessible levels: the Upper town, home to most of Sibiu’s historic sights, and the Lower town, lined with colorful houses on cobblestone streets and bounded by imposing city walls and defense towers overlooking the river Cibin.

The splendour of the city is certainly differently than other places on Transylvanian territory.

Besides many interesting museums, coffee shops, historical dates and pretty locals, Sibiu prepared for all Romanian people and international guests one of the most interesting cultural place named: The Holy Trinity Roman Catholic Church.

The Church represents one of the most important buildings in the Large Square dating from the 18th century. After Sibiu’s adherence to the Reform, the city was left without Catholic churches for a period of over a century, all the churches serving the Evangelic cult. The exterior of the monument is sober, seven smaller rectangular windows with stone cadres being superposed on the seven windows situated at the first floor. In the interior, the lateral altars are divided by Dorian doubled columns.

The statue of the saint martyr Nepomuk which was initially placed in the Large Square must also be mentioned in this article. During the communist regime, this statue was dismantled and at the present it is located in the interior courtyard of the parochial house in the immediate vicinity of the church.

The church is remarkable due to its early Viennese baroque style, with simple lines at the exterior and a richly decorated inside. The interior is really amazing. Here, travelers can find: the fresco representing “Mary and the baby”, the most important Baroque accomplishment in Sibiu; the headstone of count general Otto Ferdinand Traunn of Abensberg (1677-1747), the military commander of Transylvania and the pipe-organ dating from 1860 was made by Carl Hesse.

The members of the parochial community represent three ethnic groups. Therefore, the divine service is conducted in three languages: Romanian, Hungarian and German.

Romania? The mysterious land located in Southeastern Europe, a Latin at heart, yet with Balkans around it, the result of the most atypical melange between the indigenous Dacian great-grandfathers and the Roman Empire, which once ruled the world.

So what makes Romania such a superb place for travelers? What about this land is it that makes tourists want to discover Romania?

First, it may be the famous Romanian countryside, a unique experience for anyone discovering Romania. The countryside amazes with how devotedly customs and traditions are kept, with the unbelievable variety of the Romanian dress, the unmistakable Romanian cuisine like the mititei, mamaliga and the infinite range of ciorba, as well as the traditional spirit of palinka. The architecture of the Romanian countryside is also something quite unique.

Tourists can experience the folkloric way of life best while touring around the region of Maramures, a part of Transylvania. You will be amazed by how lovingly they keep traditions alive, even more, you might not ever want to leave; as many former tourists fell so deeply in love with Romania that they moved here. An apart representation of tradition is the Merry Cemetery in Sapanta, Maramures; an eternal resting place renowned for the humorous take on afterlife, with jokes engraved on tombs.

Quite close to Maramures there is the region of Bucovina, where the amazing painted churches Voronet, Putna and Moldovita lay.

Other tourists are more inclined towards discovering Romania within its Dacian and Roman roots, in which case there are the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of the Dacian Fortresses in the Orastie Mountains, the Alba Carolina Citadel or the vestiges around the Iron Gates of the Danube, like the Bridge of Apollodorus of Damascus.

Probably the most visited landmarks of Romania are the accumulation of medieval cities and fortresses in the historical region of Transylvania. Chances are that you have heard about Sibiu, the European Capital of Culture in 2007, Brasov or Sighisoara, the medieval city turned UNESCO World Heritage Site in its entirety. These cities keep a living memory of medieval architecture and history, through their many bastions, towers and museums. Even more, the medieval times of Romania are attested by the Biertan Village, the Rasnov Fortress and the Corvin Castle in Hunedoara.

When thinking about Romania, most tourists will link it to the infamous Dracula, for which Bran Castle is known to have been his residence, although it was the Poenari Fortress. In any case, there are a lot of places linked to Dracula that make up the perfectly spooky tour.

The last two eras of Romania, its monarchy and communist regime, are represented by the royal residence of Peles Castle in Sinaia – one of the most beautiful castles in Europe, and the Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest, known as one of the biggest, largest, heaviest and most expensive buildings in the world.

Discovering Romania would surely also imply the chance to see its natural wonders spread all throughout the country and its different landforms. Up above the country, in the highest mountains, the Fagaras, there’s the glacier lake Balea and the Balea falls which can be reached by driving on the best road in the world, the Transfagarasan. Also in the Fagaras Moutains, there are the mysterious rock formations Babele and the Sphinx.

The undergrounds of Transylvania can be discovered through visiting the huge Salina Turda, a museum of salt mining and an amusement park, or the numerous caves in the Apuseni Mountains, like the Bear’s Cave and Scarisoara Cave. Another landform, another natural wonder – the Danube Delta, a land of magical wildlife, a paradise for myriad of unique wild species.

After taking on the tour of discovering Romania, you, dear tourist, should relax on the sandy beaches of the Black Sea Coast.

 

Romania doesn’t cease to amaze with its wealth in all branches of culture. One of the most abundant parts is played by the ancient myths and legends of Romania. Romanians have always had a deeply rooted relationship with folklore, expressed by myriads of legends. As most of these folk tales were transmitted orally, no one knows the creator, but there had been many collectors of such uniqueness.

The most fruitful gatherers were the renowned Ion Creanga, with “Harap Alb” and “The old woman’s daughter and the old man’s daughter”, Vasile Alecsandri with his version of the Miorita ballad, and Petre Ispirescu, who published numerous volumes of mythical tales depicting Fat-Frumos (equivalent to Prince Charming), Ileana Cosanzeana, the monsters Zmeu and Capcaun, the dragon Balaur and the evil Muma Padurii.

Miorița is a Romanian legend written in the form of a ballad by Vasile Alecsandri. Little Ewe’s legend says that three shepherds: a Transylvanian, a Moldavian and a Vrancean meet while looking after their flocks. An ewe of the Moldavian tells him that the other envious shepherds are planning to murder him and steal his flock and the Moldavian tell her his testament.

Baba Dochia has several myths built around her, but probably the most known and practiced one is Babele. The Babele myth (old hags) associates the first 9 days of March with Baba Dochia’s 9 sheepskin coats, every day stripping one off. To this day people pick a day between 1st and 9th of March and it is said that the weather of the chosen day expresses the mis/fortune of the person throughout the year.

Vasile Alecsandri put into words another beautiful ballad, that of Mesterul Manole, the architect of the existing Curtea de Arges Monastery in Wallachia. Legend says that Negru Voda ordered Manole to build the most beautiful monastery, but walls kept crumbling in the course of construction. Manole dreamed one night that for the monastery to stand, a beloved person would have to be built alive into the monastery’s walls. He agreed with his workers that whose-ever wife were to bring lunch first, should be the one. The next day, Manole;s pregnant wife, Ana, was the first to show up… And that is how the Arges Monastery is still standing to this day.

And lastly, the myth that put Transylvania on the map: the legend of Count Dracula, Bram Stoker’s fictional character inspired by the historical Romanian figure: Vlad Tepes (the Impaler), a 15th century prince of Wallachia, renowned for his method of impaling criminals and enemies. All crimes were punished by impalement: lying, stealing, killing, as Vlad Dracul was a very honest ruler. A legend says that he put a golden cup in the central square of Targoviste, which was never stolen and remained untouched during Vlad’s reign. Vlad Tepes is seen as a hero in Romania for ceasing crime and corruption and bringing commerce and culture to a thriving level. The link between Vlad Tepes and the vampire Count Dracula is based on Bram Stoker’s research of the Impaler in the UK, although he was to find a blackened reputation of Vlad, because of his hostility towards Saxons.

Unsurprisingly, all Romanians are told these legends in their childhood and no one is a stranger to them. Ask any Romanian about their mythical land and they will narrate with great ardor.

Cluj-Napoca is the second most crowded city in Romania, after Bucharest – Romania’s capital. Cluj-Napoca is located in the heart of Transylvania and is a multicultural European city and a significant endpoint for business in South-Eastern Europe. Cluj-Napoca has an extraordinary potential for foreign investments and is the residence city of Cluj County.

Thanks to splendor of the city, tourism branch is every time afoot. In 2007, the hotel industry in the county of Cluj offered total accommodations of 6,472 beds, of which 3,677 were in hotels, 1,294 in guesthouses and the rest in chalets, or hostels. A total of 700,000 visitors, 140,000 of whom were foreigners, stayed overnight. However, a considerable share of visits is made by those who visit Cluj-Napoca for a single day, and their exact number is not known.

The largest numbers of foreign visitors come from Hungary, Italy, Germany, United States, France, and Austria. This scale tourism is growing up day by day thanks to Avram Iancu International Airport Cluj, which flights are practically non- stop.

The International Airport connects Cluj with 43 cities from all over the world, offering straight flights. The main airlines are Lufthansa, Tarom, WizzAir, Blue Air, ASL Airlines, and LOT Polish Airlines S.A.

It’s important to know that Autonomous Cluj International Airport, subordinates Cluj County Council since 1997, and is the second airport of the country and the first regional airport in Romania.

Cluj County has about 700,000 inhabitants. From this point of view, Cluj-Napoca airport can be compared to airports in European cities such as Geneva and Stuttgart, which recorded annual 12 million and 9 million passengers.

Now, Cluj airport is in the 2nd place in Romania in terms of passenger numbers, after the airports from Bucharest – Henri Coanda International Airport and Bucharest Baneasa International Airport. Within a radius of 170 km around the city live about 3 million potential passengers, whose facility is a key focus for Cluj International Airport.

Also, Avram Iancu airport has received during time several awards: Diploma of business excellence, Diploma of Excellence in 2010, 2011, 2013 and 2015. Furthermore International Airport “Avram Iancu” Cluj R.A. ranks II among member companies of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry Cluj, Finmedia granted Avram Iancu International Airport Cluj the “award for permanent concern for development and modernization” in 2010.

The mission of this airport is to “Strengthened our position as one of the most important airports in Eastern Europe, which offers airlines worldwide through safe and quality services.” Cluj International Airport promotes personal values like: safety, security, professionalism, commitment, responsibility, excellency.

Discover Transylvania, home for the most of Europe’s well-preserved medieval places, with one of your favorite airlines.

The people of Romania are proud of their historical legacy.

The city of Rupea has a wonderful citadel that steals glances. The fortress and some traditions of this place are still preserved. Rupea City was a Dacian place named Rumidava. During Roman occupation its name was Rupes which means rock or stone in Latin language. On the hill of this city visitors can see the imposing Rupea’s Citadel, with an historical allure. In the area, locals are still exploiting remained salt water from specially arranged wells.

Rupea’s Citadel

This beautiful vestige is built on Hill of Cohalmului and dominates the whole city. Rupea’s Citadel is one of the oldest historical sites from Romania. Under the hill on which stands was found traces of Paleolithic and Neolithic epochs. It was built as a fortress and a refuge for the surrounding villages. The first document dates from 1324 when the Saxons revolted against King Charles Robert of Hungary, which took refuge inside the citadel, Castrum Kuholm. Kuholom means “basalt” and the name came from the rock on which it was built. The Citadel is built in a spiral stone shape. The fortress is composed of successive enclosures, strengthened with towers polygons. Three distinct enclosures are called upper fortress, middle fortress and lower fortress. Upper Fortress covers about 1500 square meters, and its walls are combined with rocks hill. Behind the walls visitors can find Larder Tower witch is a legacy of the Saxons passage here, Powder Tower – through the narrow alleyway which allowed access to the site and still inexhaustible fountain. In the Middle Fortress people can find Bars Tower, a chapel and a pentagonal tower. About this pentagonal tower, is considered to be unique in Europe. Lower Fortress is the legacy of the 18th century and here are distinguished guard house and a body intended as military warehouse.

Evanghelic – Luteran Church

Rupea City owns a Gothic church made as a room, which dates 14th -16th centuries. A very interested thing is that this beautiful church has murals in limestone representing people in motion. The altar’s church dates from 1079. The organ instrument found inside of the church dates from 1726.On the southern wall, above the gallery, travelers can admire traces of the fresco before the Reformation.

Ethnographic Museum “Gheorghe Cernea”

Visiting this museum tourist can see illustrations of traditional occupations of the local residents and their habits such as: pottery, feast crown, fishing, and wedding, traditional Romanian interior, Saxon interior grocery store. Inside is a special section dedicated to Gheorghe Cernea, a famous Romanian folklorist and ethnographer. The Rupea Fortress takes tourists to another epoch and is worth to visit it at least once in your life time. The beauty of the area helps travelers forget about technology and their busy life.

Discover Transylvania in the heart of Romania, with a tour travel in the breathtaking city of Brasov, fringed by the peaks of Southern Carpathian Mountains and filled with Gothic, baroque and renaissance architecture.

One of the most visited cities in Romania, Brasov provides plenty of historical attractions and medieval ambiance for thousands of tourists every year. Strolling around the town, the seven bastions that were built are still visible today. They represent Brasov’s defensive fortifications, and they were erected by Saxons, due to numerous invasions over the centuries.

One of the most imposing and well-preserved such bastion is the White Tower that watches over the sight observation of the town, with a height of almost 20 meters. It is first documented in various existent documents around the year of 1460, respectively 1494.

What is known is that the tower represents a symbol of the medieval town and its five stories on which it is structured can be visited. The White Tower, like the Black Tower is located on Straja Hill and was built of stone and brick in the 15th century with the purpose of defense and observation. It can be reached by climbing next to the Graft Bastion, on the north side of the Citadel that makes a connection point with the tower.

The bastion has a horseshoe shape and was intended to the guilds of Tanners and Coppersmiths, with the top being finished in battlements. The name comes from the color that was used to paint it, nothing else but white lime, the whitewash that coated its walls.

Given the great fire in 1689 that grounded Brasov, the White Tower got the first restoration in 1723. The access in the 20 m high tower was made with the help of ladders, but now the visitors can climb the stone stairs to get inside.

The imposing architectural walls can be seen in the closed semicircular construction of the tower, with cutouts for fire arms and equipped with throwing and shooting holes against the attackers. Inside the tower, there are temporary exhibits belonging to the County Museum of History, such as exhibits of the old medieval town, schemes of the bastion, and also fire arms.

This tour travel will reveal the remarkable architecture seen even in our days, characterized by its massiveness but also by its slender architectural lines. The supply and the access in the tower were made through a wooden ladder. In the interior, there were five defense galleries, on each level of the tower. It also disposes of ramparts, openings for pitch and balconies supported by brackets carved in stone.

The stone and brick walls, the heights of 20 meters and the defense mechanisms emphasize a construction adapted for the fights with firearms. With a view towards Blumana and with its 5 stories, the White Tower was the highest point of fortification in Brasov.

Discover the amazing beauty of Transylvania in a tour travel that takes you back in time, visiting the most important defensive towers of the Citadel, symbols of the past history.

 

 

Discover Transylvania in a beautiful tour travel in Sighisoara, one of the most beautiful and well-preserved medieval towns in Europe. As the most massive tower of all nine that were built to protect Sighisoara Citadel, the Clock Tower represents a historical and architectural monument, erected in the 14th century.

Situated in the southeast part of the Citadel, it protected the city’s main gate. The master-tower is 64 meters high and it can be seen from every part of the town. Its origins are very old, being one of the symbols of the Citadel’s existence in the Romanian land. Over time, it became a representative edifice, where the Council meetings were held.

Initially, the clock was made out of wood so that later it was replaced with one of metal. Also, at that time, the architects wanted the horology to have two dials, facing both plateaus of the city.

Built with the purpose of becoming a strategic point of defense, the tower owned a real armory in its interiors. As well, over time, it was shelter for the city treasury. Later on, the Clock Tower became a historic museum, being discovered by hundreds of tourists every year.

The main points of interest of this monument are highlighting the craft habits of the people in the region of Transylvania, and also collecting these traditions and crafts of the local guilds. If you climb the stairs in the Clock Tower, you can’t help but notice the beauty of the medieval town, as well as the landscape that surrounds the entire citadel, being completely charmed by the view.

The tower was constructed on five levels and placed on a rectangular prism. The roof, destroyed in numerous fires, was rebuilt by Austrian artists in its present baroque style and colorful tiles were added. Fascinating symbol of the city, the clock with figurines, made in rustic baroque style is very famous. The figurines portray the main gods from the Greek and Roman mythology, which give many references to astronomy, astrology or alchemy.

Inside of the tower, the History Museum of the city displays themed rooms of architecture, ceramics, ethnography, furniture or crafting. There is also the Weaponry or the Torture Chamber located in the former hall of the prison.

The old clock dates from the year of 1648, when Johann Kirtschel added the quarter-hours and the figurines that represent the days of the week. On the other hand, the new horologe belongs to the year of 1906 and is of Swiss origin, carrying the name of FUCHS.

In each day that celebrates a holiday the clock resounds on popular melodies recognized in the region announcing every visitor the joy of that day. The tower’s guard has the duty to beat the drum every time an hour passes, to let the locals know that someone is watching and keeping the tower supervised.

Discover Transylvania in the heart of a medieval place where the Clock Tower of Sighisoara remains the living proof of ancient times, symbol of the region for craftsmen, merchants and locals.