Royal Palace from Bucharest capital is the Romanian royalty symbol which has gone through constant changes. During time, this sumptuous building was extended, burned, demolished, rebuilt, restored and strengthened.  In its beginnings this edifice was the Golescu’s family house. The edifice is located on Victoriei Square, in the central part of Bucharest.

Descendants of this boyar family sell this house and in 1837, ruler Dimitrie Ghica changed it in an important building from Royal Court. It is transmitted to Stirbei Voda and after, to Alexandru Ioan Cuza.  Cuza brought here the symbol of unification and in his times, to this construction was added an additional floor.

When King Carol I of Romania arrived here, he saw this wonderful building and transformed it in a Royal Palace. Carol I helped this edifice to reach the European standards. For this he encouraged French styles in urban development and made two new buildings to the original left one. In 1882 here is built the central corpus, a new building that houses the Throne Room and large reception rooms. The third new construction is used for the guard and the floor provides accommodations for the guests.

The Royal Palace from Bucharest benefited from the first electric lighting installation, between 1882 and 1906.

In the night from 7 to 8 December, 1926 a fire destroy the central corpus of Royal Palace. Because of all this loss, King Ferdinand I of Romania decided to renovate the building, with modifications and improvements in 1927. Now, the first floor is raised to 5 meters and the Hall Throne, Hall Ceremony and Gala Lunches are improved.

In 1930, King Carol II of Romania returned to the throne and he wanted to restore this palace to its original form, but the State allocated money only for conservation. For the renovation are used stone and marble that are natural and qualitative, a material that imitate marble for a cheap structure.

The Big Hall from the ground floor uses the Adams architectural style. This style is invented by British architectures, and proves elegance and power, but also uses some elements from classical architecture. King Carol II made the last modifications and restorations to this imposing palace.

When Communist Regime gained power they transformed the Royal Palace in a complex of Art Museum dedicated to People’s Republic of Romania and a Council of State. As an important event that took place here was the exhibition of returned treasure from USSR in 1956.

Since 1950, Royal Palace hosted the National Art Museum of Romania. For the stylistically aspects are used Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Classicism styles. Tourists that visit this beautiful edifice delight they’re eyes with paintings that show: landscapes of the country’s wealth, peasant’s photos and habits, semi-mythological scenes. To the semi-basement level there is a Royal pool holding a decorative frieze with dolphins. At the second floor are the European Art Exhibition and the Florentine Hall with its painted wooden boxes. Probably, the most important items of this construction are the Voivodes Stairs and the great Throne Hall.

The Royal Palace, known today as the National Art Museum of Romania remains the symbol of national historical arts and change, and is the most important art museum from Romania.

King Ferdinand I is part of the Romanian Royal Family that loved and respected Romania and its people. He serves his country at the best which brings him the name “The Loyal Ferdinand”. Man with a vast culture led Romania into a blooming period.

Prince Ferdinand Viktor Albert Meinrad von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen is born on August 24, 1865 as the son of Principle Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Princess Antonia by Saxa-Coburg-Gotha. Principle Leopold is the big brother of King Carol I, the first king that Romania had. Ferdinand I studies at Military School from Kassel, University of Leipzig, University of Bonn and School of Political Science and Economics in Tübingen. Among his passions are the science of Botanical and foreign languages.

In 1881, at the age of 15 he visits Romania for the first time and stays at Cotroceni Palace. On November 14, 1886 he becomes the sub-lieutenant of Romanian Army in The Regiment 3. For 38 years Ferdinand I is part of Romanian Army passing from to the rank of lieutenant to the marshal.

In November 1888, at the age of 23 Ferdinand I become the Crown Principle of Romania. On April 19, 1889 Principle Ferdinand I enter in Romania and is hosted by his uncle Carol I and his aunt Queen Elisabeth. Ferdinand I is changed into military captain on May 10, 1891 at the anniversary of Carol I.

On January 10, 1893 he marries Princess Marry of Great Britain and Ireland at Sigmaringen. They have six kids: Carol, Elisabeta, Marioara, Nicolae, Ileana and Mircea. The regal family stays at Cotroceni Palace.

He becomes the King of Romania on October 10, 1914 after the death of King Carol I. Ferdinand I loves and admires Romania and for its people he changes his Catholic religion into Christian-Orthodox religion.

King Ferdinand I has the same purpose as the Romanian people: the unification of the United Romania. He enters in the First World War as Entente alley (Great Britain, France, Russia) and against the Central Powers. Because of this Ferdinand I is excluded by Regal House of Hohenzollern by the Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany. As a result, at the finish of the war is formed the national unitary state by the union of Bessarabia, Bucovina and Transylvania with the Old Kingdom. Furthermore, Ferdinand I become the first king of Great Romania on October 15, 1922.

From this moment Romania developed as a united country and approved the application of the Agrarian Reform and universal vote.

His son, Principle Carol II gave up the Romania throne on 1925 and this incident burst the “crisis dynasty”. This situation determines Ferdinand I to exclude Carol II from Romania Crown and puts his nephew, Michael I as a Royal Successor.

King Ferdinand I die by cancer on June 20, 1927 at Sinaia and is buried at Curtea de Arges Monastery, like other members of the Romanian royal family. From this moment Principle Michael I become the third King of Romania, under regency, being very young.

Born on October 25, 1921 Michael is one of the few living former heads of Romania during the Second World War. He ruled between July 20, 1927 – June 8, 1930 and September 6, 1940 – December 30, 1947.

Michael is the first King that rule at the age of 6 under a regency.

He is the son of Carol II and Princess Elena of Greece and Denmark and is also the descendant of one the most important royal and imperial families of Europe. Michael I is the great grandson of Queen Victoria of Great Britain and the third cousin of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain. He is crowned king in 1927 after the death of his grandfather Ferdinand I, after his father – Carol II – gave up the throne since 1925. He has 6 years old so he is not able to lead a country, in consequence all his royal duties are performed by a regency.

His father Carol II comes back at the throne and Michael receives the created title “Great Voivode of Alba-Iulia”. For a long time, he could see his mother only few week per year. His mother’s exile at Florence deprives him from family affection, but instead, he receives a good education.

The new prime-minister Ion Antonescu obliges the Carol II to abdicate on September 6, 1940 and leaves Romania. Now the throne returns for the second time to Michael I. Under the authoritarian regime of Antonescu, King Michael I has no real power of decision. Furthermore, he is not informed about the fact that Romania enters in the war as side of Nazi Germany. Being in this situation, he decides to save what he can save so he gives a coup at August 23, 1944. He arrests Ion Antonescu and restores the Constitution from 1923.

Without the support of America and Great Britain, King Michael I is required to appoint Petru Groza in government on February 1945. Because he didn’t accept this situation, King Michael I makes a royal strike, refuses to sign the Government’s decrees, but the Government continued its activity.

On December 30, 1947 he is forced to sign the abdication decree and in the same day Romania follows the steps to become a Popular Republic. He leaves the country on January 1948 and tries to plead the cause of his country, but without any success.

On June 1948 Michael marries Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma and moves to Versoix in Switzerland. The royal couple has five daughters: princesses Margareta, Elena, Irina, Sofia and Maria.

In 1997 he receives back his Romanian citizenship and some of his families properties are returned. From that moment the Royal House of Romania makes lobby for Romania at an international level. In 2016, he retires and leaves all the duties of the crown to his daughter – princess Margareta of Romania. 

Carol II is a controversial king of Romania that ruled between June 8, 1930 and September 6, 1940. He gives up three times the Romanian throne, although in his rule times Romania had the biggest economic boom from the interwar period.

He is born in October 3, 1893 in Sinaia as the first son of Ferdinand I and his wife Queen Mary. At birth, he acquires the title of Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. From his childhood he learns about the history and the geography of Romania. His big passion remains books and military, and that’s why he attended the Military Academy in Potsdam.

In 1914, his father Ferdinand I becomes the King of Romania and Carol is now as the Crown Prince. In the First World War, Carol II is a Romanian army officer, but in 1918 deserts from the front and gets married with Ioana Lambrino, also known as Zizi. The Royal Family separates Carol II and Zizi and obligate Carol II to go back to the front against Hungarian troops. This context produces the second renunciation of Carol II at the throne; he elaborates two letters, one for Zizi Lambrino on which he accepts that is her husband and the father of his unborn child. The second letter is for his father to make him known about the decision he made.

After the illegal marriage annulment from 1918, King Ferdinand sends Carol II on a trip around the world. He visits: the Ottoman Empire, Egypt, India, Singapore, China, Japan, the United States, Britain, France and Switzerland. As a result of the Prince visits, many countries opened diplomatic relations with Romania.

On March 1921, Carol II marries Her Royal Highness Princess Elena of Greece and Denmark in the city of Athena. Before this dynastic marriage, the engaged couple visit Romania and win the public’s sympathy and popularity. On December 25, 1921 is born his first son, Prince Michael (Romanian: Mihai) in Arbor Castle from Sinaia.

Four years later, on December 28, 1925 Carol II gives up the throne for the third time; he returns in France under the name Carol Caraiman. After the death of King Ferinand in 1927, Michael I takes the throne. Three years later, Carol II is interested again to rule Romania and comes back on June 6, 1930, being proclaimed king two days later. He supports the real values of Romanian culture promoted by his Foundation for Literature and Art “King Charles II”, that publishes important works, give prizes and also scholarships.

During the reign of King Carol II promotes big names of Romanian culture and science such as: Mircea Eliade, Constantin Brancusi, Constantin Noica. Also in his times many industries records an impressive growth. Starting with February, 1938 King Carol II establishes a monarchic authority regime after the example of other European countries. The general disorder from Romania country determines the king to put Ion Antonescu the prime minister with full powers.

On September 6, 1940 King Carol II abdicates and lets his son Michael I to become the Romanian King, for the second time. King Michael I was the last king of Romania. Carol II lives his last years by travelling accompanied by Elena Lupescu. He passes away on April 3, 1953 in Lisbon, Portugal. In 2003 his remains returns in Romania in the chapel of Curtea de Arges Monastery.