Born on October 25, 1921 Michael is one of the few living former heads of Romania during the Second World War. He ruled between July 20, 1927 – June 8, 1930 and September 6, 1940 – December 30, 1947.

Michael is the first King that rule at the age of 6 under a regency.

He is the son of Carol II and Princess Elena of Greece and Denmark and is also the descendant of one the most important royal and imperial families of Europe. Michael I is the great grandson of Queen Victoria of Great Britain and the third cousin of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain. He is crowned king in 1927 after the death of his grandfather Ferdinand I, after his father – Carol II – gave up the throne since 1925. He has 6 years old so he is not able to lead a country, in consequence all his royal duties are performed by a regency.

His father Carol II comes back at the throne and Michael receives the created title “Great Voivode of Alba-Iulia”. For a long time, he could see his mother only few week per year. His mother’s exile at Florence deprives him from family affection, but instead, he receives a good education.

The new prime-minister Ion Antonescu obliges the Carol II to abdicate on September 6, 1940 and leaves Romania. Now the throne returns for the second time to Michael I. Under the authoritarian regime of Antonescu, King Michael I has no real power of decision. Furthermore, he is not informed about the fact that Romania enters in the war as side of Nazi Germany. Being in this situation, he decides to save what he can save so he gives a coup at August 23, 1944. He arrests Ion Antonescu and restores the Constitution from 1923.

Without the support of America and Great Britain, King Michael I is required to appoint Petru Groza in government on February 1945. Because he didn’t accept this situation, King Michael I makes a royal strike, refuses to sign the Government’s decrees, but the Government continued its activity.

On December 30, 1947 he is forced to sign the abdication decree and in the same day Romania follows the steps to become a Popular Republic. He leaves the country on January 1948 and tries to plead the cause of his country, but without any success.

On June 1948 Michael marries Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma and moves to Versoix in Switzerland. The royal couple has five daughters: princesses Margareta, Elena, Irina, Sofia and Maria.

In 1997 he receives back his Romanian citizenship and some of his families properties are returned. From that moment the Royal House of Romania makes lobby for Romania at an international level. In 2016, he retires and leaves all the duties of the crown to his daughter – princess Margareta of Romania. 

Carol II is a controversial king of Romania that ruled between June 8, 1930 and September 6, 1940. He gives up three times the Romanian throne, although in his rule times Romania had the biggest economic boom from the interwar period.

He is born in October 3, 1893 in Sinaia as the first son of Ferdinand I and his wife Queen Mary. At birth, he acquires the title of Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. From his childhood he learns about the history and the geography of Romania. His big passion remains books and military, and that’s why he attended the Military Academy in Potsdam.

In 1914, his father Ferdinand I becomes the King of Romania and Carol is now as the Crown Prince. In the First World War, Carol II is a Romanian army officer, but in 1918 deserts from the front and gets married with Ioana Lambrino, also known as Zizi. The Royal Family separates Carol II and Zizi and obligate Carol II to go back to the front against Hungarian troops. This context produces the second renunciation of Carol II at the throne; he elaborates two letters, one for Zizi Lambrino on which he accepts that is her husband and the father of his unborn child. The second letter is for his father to make him known about the decision he made.

After the illegal marriage annulment from 1918, King Ferdinand sends Carol II on a trip around the world. He visits: the Ottoman Empire, Egypt, India, Singapore, China, Japan, the United States, Britain, France and Switzerland. As a result of the Prince visits, many countries opened diplomatic relations with Romania.

On March 1921, Carol II marries Her Royal Highness Princess Elena of Greece and Denmark in the city of Athena. Before this dynastic marriage, the engaged couple visit Romania and win the public’s sympathy and popularity. On December 25, 1921 is born his first son, Prince Michael (Romanian: Mihai) in Arbor Castle from Sinaia.

Four years later, on December 28, 1925 Carol II gives up the throne for the third time; he returns in France under the name Carol Caraiman. After the death of King Ferinand in 1927, Michael I takes the throne. Three years later, Carol II is interested again to rule Romania and comes back on June 6, 1930, being proclaimed king two days later. He supports the real values of Romanian culture promoted by his Foundation for Literature and Art “King Charles II”, that publishes important works, give prizes and also scholarships.

During the reign of King Carol II promotes big names of Romanian culture and science such as: Mircea Eliade, Constantin Brancusi, Constantin Noica. Also in his times many industries records an impressive growth. Starting with February, 1938 King Carol II establishes a monarchic authority regime after the example of other European countries. The general disorder from Romania country determines the king to put Ion Antonescu the prime minister with full powers.

On September 6, 1940 King Carol II abdicates and lets his son Michael I to become the Romanian King, for the second time. King Michael I was the last king of Romania. Carol II lives his last years by travelling accompanied by Elena Lupescu. He passes away on April 3, 1953 in Lisbon, Portugal. In 2003 his remains returns in Romania in the chapel of Curtea de Arges Monastery.

The unifier of the principalities of Romania, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, was forced to abdicate in 1866 and he was replaced with a prince of the German Empire, Charles of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, who quickly changed his name in the Romanian correspondent: Carol.

The new Constitution in June 1866, Carol realized he would have limited prerogatives, which he found hard to accept. In addition to this, Romanians didn’t really like their new prince, as they were skeptical towards foreigners and towards his mistakes that he made in his first years, but Carol’s will gain more sympathy during the Independence War against the Ottomans, as he was greatly involved in the war, and lead the country to independence; an independence after which Romania is proclaimed into a Kingdom with Prince Carol as first King of Romania in 1881.

King Carol had the longest reign in Romania’s history, 48 years in which the greatly secured the image of the country, guaranteeing political stability and development.

In 1889, he appoints his nephew Ferdinand as heir apparent, because Carol and Elizabeth’s, his wife, only child died at the age of 4.

The controversies over whose part should Romania take in the incoming First World War overwhelmed the old Carol. The tragedy of war led Carol to die at 75 years of age, in 1914.

His successor, Ferdinand I, takes Carol’s place in times of trouble. The heads of state along with Carol previously settled Romania’s path of neutrality in the World War I, but the politicians knew they will be forced to join one side. Unlike Carol I, Ferdinand did not insist on joining his country of origin, Germany, as he was rather influenced by his English wife, Mary, who was absolutely sure that the Allied Powers would win. Therefore, Ferdinand joins France, England and Russia hoping it will bring the union with Transylvania. In the end, the regions of Bessarabia, Bucovina and Banat were handed over and finally Transylvania was united with Romania, creating Greater Romania.

Ferdinand lost much of his popularity after his sympathy towards Ion I.C. Bratianu, leader of the National Liberal Party. Ironically, the two died in the same year, 1927, just months apart, leaving the country in front of new challenges.

The throne was meant to go to Carol II, Ferdinand’s eldest son. Carol II was quite a controversial prince, with his many flings and 2 marriages of two “normal” women, outside of the royal cast. After his annulled marriage with Zizi Lambrino, Carol II is pressured to marry Elena of Greece. In 1921, Michael I is born, at the same time Carol begins his second affair with Elena Lupescu.

Carol II renounces the throne and runs away with Lupescu, and as Michael I was heir apparent, he accedes to the throne at the age of 6, in 1927, after the death of Ferdinand. Carol returns to the throne after three years and will have a different reign from those of his predecessors, with his personality cult as the center of Romania. Carol II gives himself more power through replacing the Constitution in 1938.

What put an end to Carol II’s reign is losing Bessarabia, Bucovina, Transylvania and Dobruja in 1940. This fall of Greater Romania forced him to abdicate and the throne went to Michael I, who was then 19 years old.

Young Michael I was again kept away from political affairs, signing off general Antonescu for full powers to govern. The King played an important role in removing the authoritarian and Nazi-oriented Antonescu government, struggling to reinstate democracy. He was heavily confronted by the rising Communist Party and forced to abdicate and exiled in 1947.

The highest road in Romania, reaches the altitude of 2145 m in Urdele Pass, the road crosses the Parang Mountains, part of the Carpathian Mountains.

The road connects Novaci (Gorj County) with Sebes (Alba County), with a total length of 148 km.

The name of the road comes from Latin: “Transalpina” – The country beyond the mountains, it was the named used by old maps and it was also named “The kings road”, because in 1938 King Carol II, after rebuilding it, with his entire family crossed the mountains on this road.

Although much older, higher and more beautiful than Transfagarasan is less known, because Transalpina classified as national road , it was paved only in 2009.

Transalpina was built by the Roman armies on their way to Sarmisegetusa, paved with stones by King carol II, and rehabilitated by Germans in World War II, and then forgotten by Romanian authorities.

Because was hard to access the road with normal cars and was forgotten by many years, helped to keep untouched wilderness and charm of this road. It is among the few roads on which you can reach the clouds and even above them.

Today Transalpina can be crossed during the summer period usually from the end of May until Oktober, but it depends on the wheather.