Today’s fast-changing, and travelers have amazing travel opportunities. Romania is one of the most beautiful country located in Southeastern Europe, and charms millions of travelers year by year with its picturesque landscapes, unique culture and historically noteworthy landmarks. Whether you’re looking for climbing mountains, balneary resorts or Black Sea coast to relax, Danube Delta Biosphere Reservation to taste the best fish recipes, forests and waterfalls to discover, Romania offers each person the opportunity to enjoy life.
Romania’s history is very rich. Over the years, the country was part of the Sovietic Bloc, a group of communist states. In Romania, the Revolution from 1989 marked the end of the Communist regime of president Nicolae Ceausescu.
Transylvania is the most known region, together with vampire Dracula, a fictional character from this area. From myths, legends and fairy tales to folklore, these ancient tales reappear in our modern world, and travelers are looking for them. Romania is the perfect place for this kind of adventure, offering some of the most astonishing castles, fortresses and palaces built hundreds of years ago.
And because it’s not enough to figure out how to start your vacation in Romania, we will try helping you decide what to visit during your trip or holiday.
- Palace of the Parliament – Bucharest
The Palace of the Parliament, also known as the People’s House, is the world’s second largest administrative building, after the Pentagon from situated in Washington D.C. The Palace has around 330,000 m2 and is one of Romania’s biggest attraction. Also, according to the specialists, the building is 2% larger related to the Pyramid of Keops from Egypt and can be seen from the moon.
After the earthquake from 1977, Romania’s dictator – Nicolae Ceausescu was devastated by the effects and started to demolish the fading capital and rebuild it in his own revelation. Therefore, this building Nicolae Ceausescu’s effort to reshape Bucharest by building a series of extraordinary constructions meant to evidence to the world how rich and influential was the Socialist Republic of Romania. The construction of the building started around six years after the earthquake, and by the time of the Romanian Revolution from 1989, the edifice wasn’t yet finished. The building development involved 400 architects and, coordinated by a young woman called Anca Petrescu.
After 1989, no one had the wish to finish this enormous building, a symbol of president Ceausescu’s autocracy and of the excessive lives lead by the former communist leaders.
Travelers are able to visit the Palace daily between 10 am and 4 pm (from November to February) and 9 am to 5 pm (from March to October) and the fees depend on the tour’s type.
Nearby attractions: Sinaia (123 km), Brasov (170 km), Bran Castle (180 km), Black Sea Coast (around 230 km), Danube Delta Biosphere Reservation (around 300 km).
- Turda Salt Mine
Turda Salt Mine is a real museum of salt mining in Transylvania. The growing number of visitors arriving from each corner of the world to visit the mine are a validation of interest and historical importance.
The improvement of the salt mine was made between years 2008-2010. Thus, some criteria of modern visiting, were built-in. The developers installed an elevator, boats, recreation spaces, mini golf ground, billiard and tennis tables, bowling runway and one unique amphitheater.
Turda Salt Mine is one of Romania’s treasure, and probably is one of the most irreplaceable place to see.
Tourists can visit Turda Salt Mine individually, or in organized groups, with a dedicated guide.
Nearby attractions: Cluj-Napoca (35 km), Alba-Iulia (70 km), Sighisoara (120 km), Sibiu (140 km), Maramures County (200 km), Oradea and Baile Felix Spa Resorts (200 km).
- Dracula’s Castle
Dracula is probably the most known character from Romania, together with dictator Nicolae Ceausescu, condemned to death by a military court on several charges against Romanian people, like genocide.
Dracula’s Castle, also known as Bran Castle is an exquisite, 13th-century palace near Brasov in Transylvania. Every year, many tourists come to Transylvania on October 31, the night of Halloween, to taste an inimitable experience at Dracula’s Castle, which inspired the myth of this blood-thirsty vampire. Dracula is a fictional character created by Bram Stocker based on a real person, known as Vlad the Impaler or Vlad Tepes. Vlad was a ruler of Transylvania and a dictator with an incredible hunger for cruelty. His blood-thirst acted a muse for Bram Stoker’s vampire called Dracula, in the novel engraved 450 years later.
One of his most common punishment was hanging, which was doubtless an horrible and cruel habit. In Romania, travelers can find a collection of castles known as places where “real Dracula” lived, but Bran Castle is the most famous one, with a frightening profile, suspended on a cliff-near the Bran Pass.
Don’t lose the opportunity to have fun and discover all the dark sides of Count Dracula. Tourists can visit the castle daily between 9 am/12 pm and 4 pm (from October to March) and 9 am/12 pm and 6 pm (from April to September).
Nearby attractions: Rasnov Fortress (11 km), ski resorts in Poiana Brasov (22 km) and Predeal (33 km), Brasov (30 km); Peles Castle (52 km); the medieval cities of Sighisoara (140 km) and Sibiu (170 km); Bucharest, the capital of Romania (190 km), Cluj-Napoca (315 km).
- Peles Castle
Peles Castle is the most royal residence from Romania, being located in Sinaia, on Peles brook valley. The former Romanian royal family, a branch of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen dynasty, lead Romania until 1947, when the last king, Michael I of Romania, was determined to abdicate. In 2007, Crown Princess Margareta, the eldest daughter of Michael I of Romania was named heir plausible to the throne, but their power is not so strong as it used to be a century ago.
Built between 1873 and 1914, the edifice was made by King Carol I, under whose reign Romania gained its freedom. He fell in love with glorious Carpathian Mountains decor. As an interesting fact, we mention that Pele Castle became the world’s first castle fully powered by locally created electricity. The beautiful castle served as the summer house of the royal family until 1947. All 160 rooms are decorated with fine and deluxe samples of European art, Murano crystal chandeliers, German stained-glass windows and Cordoba leather-covered walls.
King Ferdinand, succeeded Carol I build Pelisor Castle, an art nouveau-style edifice. Pelisor has 70 rooms and contains a unique collection of turn-of-the-century Viennese furniture and Tiffany and Lalique glassware.
If you are interested to find more about the Romanian royal family, this is the perfect place for you.
Nearby attractions: Rasnov Fortress (40 km); Bran Castle (52 km); Brasov (50 km); the ski resorts in Predeal (23 km) and Poiana Brasov (50 km); Bucharest (130 km); the medieval cities of Sighisoara (165 km) and Sibiu (200 km).
- Wooden Churches of Maramures
The Wooden Churches of Maramures can be discovered in the Maramures region, located in the northern part of Transylvania, Romania. This churches are amazing examples of well-preserved religious style that appeared from the Orthodox traditions and Gothic grace influences. Romania is one of the most religious states from the European Union, and most citizens are Christian. According to the 2011 census, around 80% of the country’s population is Eastern Orthodox.
Maramures region is one of the most known from Romania, and has independent traditions since Middle Ages, with beautiful churches, colorful and unique costumes, traditional dances and lifestyle.
The Wooden Churches of Maramures have a beautiful history, and they are a response to the exclusion against the creation of stone Orthodox churches by the Catholic authorities. The churches from Maramures are generally painted by local artistes, showing a high level of creative maturity and dexterity skills. Since 1999, eight out of the almost 100 ancient wooden churches are registred as UNESCO World Heritage Site: Barsana, Budesti, Desesti, Ieud, Plopis, Poienile Izei, Rogo and Surdesti. Today, Romania has seven sites recognized by UNESCO World Heritage.
Nearby attractions: Cluj-Napoca, Painted Monasteries of Bucovina.
- Painted Monasteries of Bucovina
The Painted Monasteries of Bucovina are well-known because of their exceptionality and creative value. The notable number of churches and monateries found in Bucovina, have been well-preserved and passed down from ancient times. All of them were painted in the exterior and each artist interpreted the biblical scenes in a different way, making them unique and inimitable.
Eight of the Painted Monasteries of Bucovina are parte of UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1993: Arbore, Humor, Moldovita, Patrauti, Probota, St. John the New Suceava, Sucevita and Voronet. Most of the monsteries were created as family funeral places of leaders and nobilities. Today, the monasteries are occupied by Orthodox nuns and/ or monks who follow the Christian traditions.
Visiting the Painted Monasteries of Bucovina is an unique experience.
Nearby attractions: Wooden Churches of Maramures.
- Merry Cemetery from Sapanta
The Merry Cemetery Sapanta is a unique travel destination. Located in the beautiful village of Sapanta, Maramures County, Romania, has colorful tombstones with exclusive pictures describing the people who are buried there, as well as passages from their lives, told in an ingeniously humorous manner. Presented in bright, joyful pictures and marked with rhymes are the stories of nearly everyone who has died of the village Sapanta, from Maramures County. Exemplified crosses portray militarists being executed and a towns person being hit several disease. Some of the epigraphs expose a shocking level of dirty reality with dark humor, like the following one:
“Underneath this heavy cross; Lies my poor mother-in-law; Three more days she would have live; I would lay, and she would read; You, who here are passing by; Not to wake her up please try; For if she comes home; She’ll bite my head off; But I shall behave so; As not to bring her forth; Those of you who read this; Do not do as I did; And find yourselves a good mother-in-law; To live with her in peace. Lived 82 years. Died in 1969”.
In spite of the dark comedy and humor, no one has ever criticized about the work of the artists and the Merry Cemetery is visited everyday by people from all over the world, curious to find the secrets of the locals.
Nearby attractions: Mara (45 km), Cluj-Napoca (around 200 km), Wooden Churches of Maramures, Painted Monasteries of Bucovina.
- Danube Delta
The Danube Delta is comprised of a complex network of waterways and lakes separated between the three main estuary channels of the Danube: Chilia Arm, Sulina Arm, Sfantu Gheoghe Arm.
This area of floating reed islands, forests, meadows and sand dunes covers 3,000 square miles and is home to a captivating combination of cultures and individuals as well as a massive collection of wildlife. Situated at the tip of the three channels, Tulcea makes a great preliminary point for discovering the Danube Delta.
This is the perfect place for fishing and bird watching. Also, if you love fish this is the perfect place to try different types, prepared different from one place to another.
Tourists need travel permits to enter the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve. Permits are included in most of the tours developed by the Romanian travel agencies.
Nearby attractions: Black Sea Coast (around 130 km), Bucharest (around 300 km).