King Ferdinand I is part of the Romanian Royal Family that loved and respected Romania and its people. He serves his country at the best which brings him the name “The Loyal Ferdinand”. Man with a vast culture led Romania into a blooming period.

Prince Ferdinand Viktor Albert Meinrad von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen is born on August 24, 1865 as the son of Principle Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Princess Antonia by Saxa-Coburg-Gotha. Principle Leopold is the big brother of King Carol I, the first king that Romania had. Ferdinand I studies at Military School from Kassel, University of Leipzig, University of Bonn and School of Political Science and Economics in Tübingen. Among his passions are the science of Botanical and foreign languages.

In 1881, at the age of 15 he visits Romania for the first time and stays at Cotroceni Palace. On November 14, 1886 he becomes the sub-lieutenant of Romanian Army in The Regiment 3. For 38 years Ferdinand I is part of Romanian Army passing from to the rank of lieutenant to the marshal.

In November 1888, at the age of 23 Ferdinand I become the Crown Principle of Romania. On April 19, 1889 Principle Ferdinand I enter in Romania and is hosted by his uncle Carol I and his aunt Queen Elisabeth. Ferdinand I is changed into military captain on May 10, 1891 at the anniversary of Carol I.

On January 10, 1893 he marries Princess Marry of Great Britain and Ireland at Sigmaringen. They have six kids: Carol, Elisabeta, Marioara, Nicolae, Ileana and Mircea. The regal family stays at Cotroceni Palace.

He becomes the King of Romania on October 10, 1914 after the death of King Carol I. Ferdinand I loves and admires Romania and for its people he changes his Catholic religion into Christian-Orthodox religion.

King Ferdinand I has the same purpose as the Romanian people: the unification of the United Romania. He enters in the First World War as Entente alley (Great Britain, France, Russia) and against the Central Powers. Because of this Ferdinand I is excluded by Regal House of Hohenzollern by the Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany. As a result, at the finish of the war is formed the national unitary state by the union of Bessarabia, Bucovina and Transylvania with the Old Kingdom. Furthermore, Ferdinand I become the first king of Great Romania on October 15, 1922.

From this moment Romania developed as a united country and approved the application of the Agrarian Reform and universal vote.

His son, Principle Carol II gave up the Romania throne on 1925 and this incident burst the “crisis dynasty”. This situation determines Ferdinand I to exclude Carol II from Romania Crown and puts his nephew, Michael I as a Royal Successor.

King Ferdinand I die by cancer on June 20, 1927 at Sinaia and is buried at Curtea de Arges Monastery, like other members of the Romanian royal family. From this moment Principle Michael I become the third King of Romania, under regency, being very young.

Carol II is a controversial king of Romania that ruled between June 8, 1930 and September 6, 1940. He gives up three times the Romanian throne, although in his rule times Romania had the biggest economic boom from the interwar period.

He is born in October 3, 1893 in Sinaia as the first son of Ferdinand I and his wife Queen Mary. At birth, he acquires the title of Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. From his childhood he learns about the history and the geography of Romania. His big passion remains books and military, and that’s why he attended the Military Academy in Potsdam.

In 1914, his father Ferdinand I becomes the King of Romania and Carol is now as the Crown Prince. In the First World War, Carol II is a Romanian army officer, but in 1918 deserts from the front and gets married with Ioana Lambrino, also known as Zizi. The Royal Family separates Carol II and Zizi and obligate Carol II to go back to the front against Hungarian troops. This context produces the second renunciation of Carol II at the throne; he elaborates two letters, one for Zizi Lambrino on which he accepts that is her husband and the father of his unborn child. The second letter is for his father to make him known about the decision he made.

After the illegal marriage annulment from 1918, King Ferdinand sends Carol II on a trip around the world. He visits: the Ottoman Empire, Egypt, India, Singapore, China, Japan, the United States, Britain, France and Switzerland. As a result of the Prince visits, many countries opened diplomatic relations with Romania.

On March 1921, Carol II marries Her Royal Highness Princess Elena of Greece and Denmark in the city of Athena. Before this dynastic marriage, the engaged couple visit Romania and win the public’s sympathy and popularity. On December 25, 1921 is born his first son, Prince Michael (Romanian: Mihai) in Arbor Castle from Sinaia.

Four years later, on December 28, 1925 Carol II gives up the throne for the third time; he returns in France under the name Carol Caraiman. After the death of King Ferinand in 1927, Michael I takes the throne. Three years later, Carol II is interested again to rule Romania and comes back on June 6, 1930, being proclaimed king two days later. He supports the real values of Romanian culture promoted by his Foundation for Literature and Art “King Charles II”, that publishes important works, give prizes and also scholarships.

During the reign of King Carol II promotes big names of Romanian culture and science such as: Mircea Eliade, Constantin Brancusi, Constantin Noica. Also in his times many industries records an impressive growth. Starting with February, 1938 King Carol II establishes a monarchic authority regime after the example of other European countries. The general disorder from Romania country determines the king to put Ion Antonescu the prime minister with full powers.

On September 6, 1940 King Carol II abdicates and lets his son Michael I to become the Romanian King, for the second time. King Michael I was the last king of Romania. Carol II lives his last years by travelling accompanied by Elena Lupescu. He passes away on April 3, 1953 in Lisbon, Portugal. In 2003 his remains returns in Romania in the chapel of Curtea de Arges Monastery.

The unifier of the principalities of Romania, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, was forced to abdicate in 1866 and he was replaced with a prince of the German Empire, Charles of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, who quickly changed his name in the Romanian correspondent: Carol.

The new Constitution in June 1866, Carol realized he would have limited prerogatives, which he found hard to accept. In addition to this, Romanians didn’t really like their new prince, as they were skeptical towards foreigners and towards his mistakes that he made in his first years, but Carol’s will gain more sympathy during the Independence War against the Ottomans, as he was greatly involved in the war, and lead the country to independence; an independence after which Romania is proclaimed into a Kingdom with Prince Carol as first King of Romania in 1881.

King Carol had the longest reign in Romania’s history, 48 years in which the greatly secured the image of the country, guaranteeing political stability and development.

In 1889, he appoints his nephew Ferdinand as heir apparent, because Carol and Elizabeth’s, his wife, only child died at the age of 4.

The controversies over whose part should Romania take in the incoming First World War overwhelmed the old Carol. The tragedy of war led Carol to die at 75 years of age, in 1914.

His successor, Ferdinand I, takes Carol’s place in times of trouble. The heads of state along with Carol previously settled Romania’s path of neutrality in the World War I, but the politicians knew they will be forced to join one side. Unlike Carol I, Ferdinand did not insist on joining his country of origin, Germany, as he was rather influenced by his English wife, Mary, who was absolutely sure that the Allied Powers would win. Therefore, Ferdinand joins France, England and Russia hoping it will bring the union with Transylvania. In the end, the regions of Bessarabia, Bucovina and Banat were handed over and finally Transylvania was united with Romania, creating Greater Romania.

Ferdinand lost much of his popularity after his sympathy towards Ion I.C. Bratianu, leader of the National Liberal Party. Ironically, the two died in the same year, 1927, just months apart, leaving the country in front of new challenges.

The throne was meant to go to Carol II, Ferdinand’s eldest son. Carol II was quite a controversial prince, with his many flings and 2 marriages of two “normal” women, outside of the royal cast. After his annulled marriage with Zizi Lambrino, Carol II is pressured to marry Elena of Greece. In 1921, Michael I is born, at the same time Carol begins his second affair with Elena Lupescu.

Carol II renounces the throne and runs away with Lupescu, and as Michael I was heir apparent, he accedes to the throne at the age of 6, in 1927, after the death of Ferdinand. Carol returns to the throne after three years and will have a different reign from those of his predecessors, with his personality cult as the center of Romania. Carol II gives himself more power through replacing the Constitution in 1938.

What put an end to Carol II’s reign is losing Bessarabia, Bucovina, Transylvania and Dobruja in 1940. This fall of Greater Romania forced him to abdicate and the throne went to Michael I, who was then 19 years old.

Young Michael I was again kept away from political affairs, signing off general Antonescu for full powers to govern. The King played an important role in removing the authoritarian and Nazi-oriented Antonescu government, struggling to reinstate democracy. He was heavily confronted by the rising Communist Party and forced to abdicate and exiled in 1947.

Queen Mary is known as “The Soldier Queen” or the “Mother of wounded”, because of her massive implication in helping injured person in the First World War. Maria Alexandra Victoria by Saxa-Coburg and Gotha (aka Queen Mary) is born in Great Britain, on October 29, 1875.

The Queen is the first daughter of Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia and Prince Alfred of Great Britain. At the age of 17, young Mary marries Prince Ferdinand I and becomes the Queen of Romania. Ferdinand I of Romania was King of the Romanians from 10 October 1914 until his death in 1927, after he became his uncle`s heir – Carol I.

In 30 years of marriage, Queen Mary gives birth to Carol II, Princess Elisabeth, Princess Maria, Prince Nicolae and little Mircea.

She is considered one of the most beautiful women from Europe with a big heart. People loved Queen Mary because she became a nurse in the First World War and courageously coped with this role. She crosses the Danube Delta just to see how Romanian soldiers feel, as in the year of 1913, erupts a cholera epidemic. When she came back home she obtains her husband permission to develop a help camp there.

Furthermore, Queen Mary of Romania influences all the decision that her husband, Ferdinand I, takes. Also, she gets involved in social and political actions even if in those times, women had an insignificant role in politics.

From 1930 to her death, Queen Mary lives isolated most of the time in Bran Castle or in the city of Balchik. At Bran Castle she has an active factor in the building of “Queen Heart” Hospital, built at the base of the Bran Castle. This is the place where were she is taking care of all harmed soldiers from war.

In 1938 Queen Mary is diagnosed with an “incurable disease”: liver cancer, and her family hospitalizes her in sanatoriums from Italy and Germany. Because she wants to die in Romania, she asks her son, Carol II – the king of Romania – to send her home by a plane. The relationships between the queen and her son Carol II were not cordials, and he didn’t accept her request. Hitler offers his own private plane for her, but she refuses his offer. Queen Mary took the train, returns home and dies at Pelisor Castle at the age of 63.

Queen Mary deceases on July 18, 1938 at Sinaia, the date being announced by King Carol II. She is buried with splendor and dress in a simple white dress, as she desired. Those who take part to her funeral dress in violet clothes – her favorite color, and brought red flower as a final tribute.  She is the grandmother of the last King of Romanians – Michael I.

In her testament, Queen Mary writes her desire to place her heart in a cassette and deposit it in the Stella Maris Church, near her villa from Balchik city. Because Romania lost this territory in 1940, the cassette is brought to Bran Castle.

From 1971 to 2015 the cassette with Queen’s heart is placed in the National Museum of History from Bucharest. At the end of 2015, the cassette was moved to Pelisor Castle. The event celebrates 140 years since the birth of Queen Mary.