The region of Transylvania is located in the heart of Romania and is bounded by the beautiful Carpathian Mountains. This is the largest region of Romania and is full of delightful sceneries. It is deliberated the cradle of nation, because of its impressive fortresses and castles build by their ancestors – the Dacians. Transylvania is gifted with a large number of tourist attractions and various activities to do. It is a combination between rural and medieval, because every small village still uses the ancestral procedures for land cultivation, collecting hay for animals.
The name of Transylvania comes from the Latin expression “Trans Silva” which means “Country beyond the forests” for its forests that covers the mountains. First people that stepped here were the Celts, and after them came that Dacian society who built the fortresses and capitals, still kept until now in Orastie Mountains.
Sarmizegetusa Regia was the most important capital of Dacian Empire. Wars between Dacian and Roman Empire made Traian emperor the winner of this area for a long period of time. After Roman Empire, Hungarians made Transylvania part of their territory. Also, during time, the Ottoman Empire tried to win this region, but they never succeeded. Starting with the 14th century this region was transformed in Transylvania Principality, being recognized as an independent state. On December 1, 1918, Transylvania is united with other principalities and together become the Romania country. Wonderful region of Transylvania has great cities that deserve to be discovered year around.
Alba Iulia is a lovely city that is located in Transylvania region. Alba Carolina Citadel is the most fascinating place for tourist to visit, especially after 12 PM when Austrian guards from III Gate are changing and during weekends when are wince bursts of smoke. Tourists can go on the Three Fortifications Route from which can discover: Mint gate Principality of Transylvania, Artillery platform, South Gate Camp Roman military camp. In the fortress travellers can see the Union Hall, the place where was signed the Act of Union of Transylvania with Romania, in 1918 and Union Museum. Also here is the cell of Horea where he needed to stay before he was executed; about him tourists can find more information from Romanian Heroes Route.
Cluj-Napoca is the biggest city located in the heart of Transylvania. Here visitors can discover the Orthodox cathedral decorate with fancy reliefs carves in stone, geometrical and floral motifs. The edifice attractions are the old books, manuscripts, documents about church history, and the past of the Romanian people. Saint Michael Church in an edifice built on the old Saint Jacob chapel. It’s imposing by its Gothic style and mural pictures from the 15th century. Visitors can see on this church a statue of a child without had.
Sibiu is a great city from Transylvania that deserves to be discovered. It’s easy because here travelers don’t need cars because the most important edifices are in the city’s historical center. People can visit the Union Square and the Three Towers: Potters Tower, Gunsmiths Tower and Carpenters Tower; all of them are part of the third fortified enclosures of the city. The Big Square for the old historical center is full of souvenirs, because this is the place where events like Easter and Christmas festivities take place.
Region of Transylvania has cities, fortresses, citadels, nature landscapes and many other things which can satisfy all travelers’ needs.