Discover Transylvania in a beautiful tour travel in Sighisoara, one of the most beautiful and well-preserved medieval towns in Europe. As the most massive tower of all nine that were built to protect Sighisoara Citadel, the Clock Tower represents a historical and architectural monument, erected in the 14th century.

Situated in the southeast part of the Citadel, it protected the city’s main gate. The master-tower is 64 meters high and it can be seen from every part of the town. Its origins are very old, being one of the symbols of the Citadel’s existence in the Romanian land. Over time, it became a representative edifice, where the Council meetings were held.

Initially, the clock was made out of wood so that later it was replaced with one of metal. Also, at that time, the architects wanted the horology to have two dials, facing both plateaus of the city.

Built with the purpose of becoming a strategic point of defense, the tower owned a real armory in its interiors. As well, over time, it was shelter for the city treasury. Later on, the Clock Tower became a historic museum, being discovered by hundreds of tourists every year.

The main points of interest of this monument are highlighting the craft habits of the people in the region of Transylvania, and also collecting these traditions and crafts of the local guilds. If you climb the stairs in the Clock Tower, you can’t help but notice the beauty of the medieval town, as well as the landscape that surrounds the entire citadel, being completely charmed by the view.

The tower was constructed on five levels and placed on a rectangular prism. The roof, destroyed in numerous fires, was rebuilt by Austrian artists in its present baroque style and colorful tiles were added. Fascinating symbol of the city, the clock with figurines, made in rustic baroque style is very famous. The figurines portray the main gods from the Greek and Roman mythology, which give many references to astronomy, astrology or alchemy.

Inside of the tower, the History Museum of the city displays themed rooms of architecture, ceramics, ethnography, furniture or crafting. There is also the Weaponry or the Torture Chamber located in the former hall of the prison.

The old clock dates from the year of 1648, when Johann Kirtschel added the quarter-hours and the figurines that represent the days of the week. On the other hand, the new horologe belongs to the year of 1906 and is of Swiss origin, carrying the name of FUCHS.

In each day that celebrates a holiday the clock resounds on popular melodies recognized in the region announcing every visitor the joy of that day. The tower’s guard has the duty to beat the drum every time an hour passes, to let the locals know that someone is watching and keeping the tower supervised.

Discover Transylvania in the heart of a medieval place where the Clock Tower of Sighisoara remains the living proof of ancient times, symbol of the region for craftsmen, merchants and locals.

 

To this present moment, UNESCO has included 7 sites of Romania to its World Heritage List.

The seven sites  included in UNESCO world heritage sites list are dispersed in 13 counties of the 40 that Romania has on the UNESCO world heritage sites map.

The first from Romania UNESCO sites is the one of the Churches of Moldavia, they are 8 in number, all in the county of Suceava, dating from the 15th and 16th century. They are considered Byzantine art inspired masterpieces, each one unique in its own way: Arbore, Humor, Moldovita, Patrauti, Probota, Suceava, Voronet and Sucevita.

Another site is the Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains, located in the counties of Hunedoara and Alba, which date from the first centuries before and after Christ. The uncommon mélange of military and religious architecture includes: Sarmizegetusa Regia as capital of Dacia, Dacian Fortress Costesti-Cetatuie, Costesti-Blidaru Dacian Fortress, Piatra Rosie Dacian Fortress and the Dacian Fortresses of Banita and Capalna.

The Historic Centre of Sighisoara also hit the list of World Heritage Sites. It is a fortified medieval town located in the county of Mures from the 13th century.

The Danube Delta is the only natural site. It is a biosphere reservation located in Tulcea, the South of Romania.

The medieval fortified churches of Transylvania were built between the 13th and 16th centuries in Alba, Brasov, Harghita, Mures and Sibiu counties. Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania make up the cultural scenery of southern Transylvania: Biertan, Calnic, Darjiu, Prejmer, Saschitz, Valea Viilor and Viscri.

The wooden churches of Maramures from the 17th and 18th centuries: the Church of the Presentation of the Virgin in the Tample in Barsana, the Church of Saint Nicholas in Budesti, Saint Parascheva Church in Desesti, the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin in Ieud Deal, the Church of the Holy Archangels in Plopis, the other Saint Parascheva Church in Poienile Izei and other two Churches of the Holy Archangels in Rogoz and Surdesti.

A work of art of the Brancovenesc flair has also entered the list, the Monastery of Horezu ( Horezu manastire ) in the Valcea county from 1690.

Also considered for nomination, but still on the “tentative list” to accomplish UNESCO world heritage criteria are: the Byzantine Churches of Curtea de Arges, Slatioara Secular Forest, Trei Ierarhi Monastery of Iasi, the Monumental Ensemble of Targu Jiu, Rupestral Ensemble at Basarabi, Densus Church, Neamt Monastery, the Historic Town of Alba Iulia, Cule from Oltenita, the Retezat and Pietrosul Rodnei Massifs, the Sanpetru Formation, the Historic Center of Sibiu.

 

A tour travel into the heart of Romania would not be complete without visiting Sighisoara. Discover Transylvania as you find yourself going back to medieval times, in a city that still preserves the history of ancient times.

Located in Mures County, on the Tarnava Mare River, is close to the cities Sibiu- 91 km, Targu Mures- 51 km and Brasov- 115 km. The city administers multiple villages and is well-known in Europe as one of the best preserved inhabited citadels. During Roman times, when the Dacians populated the territory, they built a fortification called Sandava. Later, under Roman administration, it was called Castrum Stenarum.

As time went by, Sighisoara became an important strategic center for Transylvania, so during the 12th century, merchants and craftsmen known as Transylvanian Saxons built a new citadel to defend the frontiers and expand the settlement. The actual name is first documented in 1435.

So, the town was then an important royal center and played a commercial role in Central Europe for many centuries. Medieval architecture, fortifications, old frescoes and historical streets, Sighisoara should make the top of the list on your tour travel.

Artisans from all over the Roman Empire were attracted to this medieval small city, and during the 16th and 17th centuries, craftsmen were gathered in more than 20 guilds and branches, helping the urban economy to bloom. But in that time, it also suffered fires, plagues and military occupation.

The charm and the historical value of numerous buildings and streets determined the city to be listed by UNESCO a World Heritage Site. This fairytale town represents a major attraction point for tourists in the country and all over Europe. Also, with its location, geographical conditions, cultural events, traditions and especially the fabulous history that surrounds it, Sighisoara is the way in discovering Transylvania.

The two parts of the fortified city consist in the lower town that is situated in the river’s valley, and the medieval stronghold built on the top of a hill. It is also known as the “Citadel”, military and political building. The towers are definitely the main attractions and here are the most important: Sighisoara Clock Tower, Thinsmith’s Tower, The Butcher’s Tower, Cobbler’s Tower and Blacksmith’s Tower.

Moreover, the churches are valuable historic monuments, with representative Gothic architecture, wonders for visitors’ eyes. There’s the Church on the hill, The Church of the Dominican Monastery, The Saint Joseph Roman Catholic church and The Orthodox Cathedral of Sighisoara.

Other important objectives that are not to miss in the tour travel are the civil architecture structures, over 300 years old. The Scholar’s Stairs, Hill School of Sighisoara or The Citadel Square along some very well kept houses: The Stag House, Venetian or Green House and Vlad Dracula’s House.

Vlad Dracula’s House is the place where Vlad Tepes (The Impaler) was born in 1431 and lived with his father. Vlad was the inspiration for the famous novel of Bram Stoker, Dracula.

Sighisoara’s traditions are very well represented through manifestations and annual festivals such as Festival of Medieval Arts and Crafts, Festival of Blues Music, The Film Festival and many more.

Discover Transylvania in a beautiful combination of history, charm and comfort of modernism, in a fairytale town that keeps medieval secrets.