Carol I was the King of Romanian Principalities and Romania country and he was deliberated the man that modernize the Romanian state. He became king after Alexadru Ioan Cuza was forced to abdicate. His complete name was Karl Eitel Friedrich Zephyrinus Ludwig von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and was born on April 20, 1839.Carol I was the second son of Principle Karl Anton von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (September 7, 1811–June 2, 1885) and the Princess Josephine Frederica Louise of Baden (October 21, 1813- 1900).

His father was part of the old German dynasty of Hohenzollern mentioned for the first time in the 11th century. Carol I had three brothers and two sisters: Prince Leopold (1835-1905), Principle Anton (1841-1866), Prince Friedrich (1843-1904), Princesses Stephanie (1837-1859) and Marie Louise (1845–1912).

He was the personality that transformed Romania in an Independent and Sovereign State. During his sovereign Romania started to have institutions and to be modernized. He reigned for 48 years and in this time he transformed Romania in a constitutional monarchy and started to strengthen the Romanian modern state.

Taking into consideration his activities, most of the historians consider Carol I a greatest statesman of Romania. Internally he introduced a climate of order, discipline and rigor because he knew that this can maintain the modernity of economic structures. He also showed interest for development of education, culture, and for training the younger generation of intellectuals. Externally, he acted to proclaim autonomy and establishment the international prestige of the Romanian state.

To avoid anti-dynastic attacks he was pierced by an exemplary personal life guided by accuracy and fairness. He didn’t accept royal chambers and didn’t let Queen Elisabeth to enter in political matters. Because of this matter the Queen devoted her time to folk art, music and literature and she also published poems and translations under the name “Carmen Sylva”.

Carol I was sure that his role was to civilize this state and educate the generations to come. Carol I deceased on October 10, 1914 at Sinaia but will always remain in people’s memory like the creator of Modern Romania. He was enchanted by the beauty of Sinaia and the surrounding areas, and he built there a beautiful royal residence – Peles Castle, visited today by millions of people.

The former Romanian royal family is a branch of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen house and ruled Romania until 1947, when the last king, Michael I of Romania, abdicated his throne.

First representative of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen house was Charles I (1839 – 1914), reigned as King of Romania from 1866 to 1914. He was chosen Ruling Prince (Romanian Dormitory) of the Romanian United Principalities on April 20, 1966, after the abdication of Alexandru Ioan Cuza, know as first prince of united Romania.

During his reign, King Carol I individually led Romanian crowds during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 and assumed command of the Russo/Romanian army through the defense and blockade of Plevna. The country reached worldwide recognized independence thru the Treaty of Berlin from 1878. Regarding his personal life, he was married with Princess Elisabeth of Wied in 1869 and they had just one daughter who died at the age of three. He reigned until his death.

His succesor was Ferdinand I (1865 – 1927), King Charles nephew, and he reigned as King of Romania from 1914 to 1927. Ferdinand I was the son of Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, and Infanta Antónia of Portugal (1845–1913), daughter of Queen Maria II and King Ferdinand II, a Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

As a member of a cadet branch of Germany’s ruling Hohenzollern imperial family, King Ferdinand I lead over Romania’s entry into World War I on the side of the Triple Entente rules against the Central Powers, on 27 August 1916. Consequently, he earned the nickname the Loyal, respecting his people. He was married with his distant cousin, the Lutheran Princess Marie of Edinburgh, daughter of Anglican Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and the Orthodox Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia. They married seems to be unhappy, but together they haved six children: 3 boys (Carol, Nicholas and Mircea) and 3 daughters: Elisabeta, Maria and Ileana.

In the following years, Michael I (1921 – present), Ferdinand’s grandson and son of the Crown Prince Carol II and and Princess Elena of Greece, was crowned as King of Romania in 1927. After his breath, Shortly after his birth, her father Prince Carol II got involved in a scandalous relationship with Magda Lupescu and renounce his privileges to the throne and moved with her to Paris in exile. Michael never met his father, Carol II, after the 1940 abdication and and he did not join his father’s funeral in 1953.

King Michael I ascended the throne after the death of his grandfather, Ferdinand I, as he was still a minor. In 1930, his father returned to Romania and and substituted his son as king. Ten years later, King Carol II was deposed, and Michael once again became king, under the regime led by the military authoritarian Ion Antonescu. In 1944, King Michael I partaken in a rebellion against Antonescu. In March 1945, political forces required Michael to assign a pro-Soviet government ruled by Petru Groza. On December 1947, Groza demanded a meeting with Michael where he was required to abdicate.

One year later, in exit, he married Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma, with whom he had five daughters and ultimately established in Switzerland. He is the last alive monarch or other head of state from the Interwar epoch. In exile, Michael worked as farmer, pilot, businessperson and broker. After the Revolution from 1989, Michael, escorted by numerous members of the royal family, arrived in Romania for the first time since his abdication from 1947. Using a Danish diplomatic passport, Michael was capable to get a 24-hour visa. He planned to reach Curtea de Arges Cathedral and pray at the crypts of his royal families, but he was stopped by a police filter, and required to leave Romania. In 1997, the Romanian government reestablished Michael’s citizenship and again permitted him to visit the land of his childhood.

In the last years, he spend his time between Switzerland and Romania. He was also able to regain the former private houses Peles Castle, Pelisor and Savarsin. The first two are opens to the public, and Savarsin and Elisabeta Palace are used as private residences. In 2016, his wife Ana died at age 90. Also, in the same year, the Crown Princess Margareta of Romania, Princess of Hohenzollern, King Michael I of Romania eldest daughter,  was named Custodian of the Crown.

 

Discover Romania in the beautiful Prahova Valley, a famous mountain region located in the Carpathian Mountains, on the Prahova River trail. The valley is situated in the south-east part of Romania, in the heart of Muntenia, and is about 100 km north of the capital city of Bucharest.

The region has its point of origin in Piatra Mare, forming between Predeal and Campina one of the biggest and spectacular narrow passes in Romania. This tour travel will take you in the most visited areas in the Carpathians, where plenty of tourist resorts are being found.

The climatic conditions associated with the particular natural landscape make the valley an important region, very frequented by tourists, where the mountain resorts found here are the favorite destinations for winter sports lovers, but of those who love the mountain as well.

With the varieties of accommodation possibilities, endowments, services and facilities offered, it represents one of the most visited areas showing a big concentration of resorts. Like Sinaia, the former residence of the royal family, Busteni, Azuga and Predeal, in Brasov County.

Another great part of Prahova County is the Bucegi Massif, the most grandiose mountain of this part of the country because of its height and massiveness. It was declared a National Park, preserving spectacular natural forms of relief like the famous ones: The Sphinx, The Old Women or the Lonely Stones.

Every year, lots of tourists admire the natural background, the rich alpine vegetation and fauna found in the Bucegi Mountains. Moreover, the massif has marked paths, cabins and chalets and also ski slopes.

In this tour travel, you will find the ideal holiday place in every season, whether you like skiing or hiking. Prahova Valley houses major sights like Peles Castle, Caraiman Cross, The Old Women and The Sphinx, Cantacuzino Castle and many more.

Also, the city of Busteni is located in the foothills of Bucegi Mountains and is one of the most visited in Romania. It provides opportunities for winter sports and picturesque panoramas.

Other important tourist resorts and towns are Sinaia, known as the Pearl of Carpathians. It is famous for its modern ski slopes, treatments available here, and the royal tourist attractions: Peles and Pelisor Castle, built by King Carol I, Sinaia Casino,  and Sinaia Monastery. Beyond the beauty of the landscape that delights the eyes of viewers at every step of the way, the valley is rich in cultural buildings, religious and architectural edifices.

Nonetheless, Prahova Valley is one of the most beautiful regions in Romania, situated in the most picturesque area of the Carpathians, with fabulous views, welcoming people, historical towns and dreamy mountain resorts.

As that, tourism is an important activity in these parts of Prahova county. This tour travel will provide you luxury hotels, welcoming guest houses, castles, museums, slopes, restaurants or bars, and many other things that your soul will enjoy.

Discover Romania in the valley where Prahova River makes its way, a destination in the mountains where you can’t get bored.

 

Needless to say about one of the best attractions in Romania, Sinaia is a town situated in a historical region, on the Prahova Valley. It is located 120 km from Bucharest and 50 km from Brasov. As one of the most old and famous tourist resorts in Romania, Sinaia gets its name after Sinaia Monastery, around which it was built. Surrounded by beautiful mountain scenery, the city can be explored during summer and winter time, as a perfect destination for hiking or skiing. The vicinity of the Bucegi Mountains gives the tourists great ways to start their journey in the deep forests, with hiking routes in good conditions. The numerous cabins found on the plateau of the mountain give the travelers accommodation and a warm meal.  Also, there are plenty of possibilities for winter sports along Prahova Valley, due to heavy snow in the winter time. With a position that connects Transylvania to Muntenia (the southern part of Romania), Sinaia has represented an important village since old times. It is first documented around the year of 1200. In fact, King Carol I of Romania built the summer residence for the royal family, Peles Castle, near Sinaia. A town filled with historical monuments and breathtaking landscape – what a perfect mountain getaway!

In the city of Sinaia there are lots of interesting places to visit, starting with the Peles and Pelisor Castle, home of Romania’s royal family, an architectural jewel built between 1873 and 1914. King Carol I of Hohenzollern attempted to imitate the Bavarian style of his homeland creating this beautiful palace.  You can’t miss the Sinaia Monastery, named after Mount Sinai by one Romanian nobleman. Old Orthodox Church, serves as testimony for the historic importance of the village. Also, one important monument is the Sinaia Casino, located in “Dimitrie Ghica” park, built at the initiative of King Carol around year 1912. Here are some monuments of national interest found in Sinaia: The Dimitrie Ghica park and Bucegi Reserve Museum, George Enescu Memorial House, one of Romania’s greatest composer and musician; Carmen Sylva Cultural Center, Heroes Cemetery, Franz Joseph and Saint Anne cliffs, and the Sinaia railway station. For sports enthusiasts, hiking possibilities are infinite, Sinaia offers 16 ski slopes and a cable car connecting Bucegi Mountains with Cota 1400 and 2000, and many many more. One of the main festivals that takes place every year in Sinaia is “Sinaia Forever” or the Autumn Festival. During the first weekend of September the city wishes to recreate the old atmosphere of the 1940’s bringing to light modern performers and spectacular fun in the heart of the Carpathians. Other festivals happening in Sinaia are the International Guitar Festival and International Violin Competition.  Leaving behind the exquisite beauty of Sinaia, there are some more interesting places to visit in the neighbourhood: Bran Castle, also known as Dracula’s home, a point of reference in the Romanian tourism, Cantacuzino Castle, Caraiman Monastery and Rasnov Fortress, a very well preserved attraction.

If you’re looking for a getaway in the mountains, enjoying the beautiful scenery in summer as well in winter, or visit the most important historical monuments in the heart of Romania, Sinaia is your holiday destination!