Romania is a wonderful country, with gorgeous landscapes, amazing castles, fortresses, epic medieval cities and splendid architecture. In Romania you can practice many types of tourism, such as: cultural tourism (which is the most common type of tourism in Romania), historical tourism, adventure tourism, religious tourism, wellness tourism, scientific tourism, rural tourism, industrial tourism, and business tourism and so on.
Most of the European foreigners are fascinated by medieval cities and ancient churches, especially that built in Romanic and Gothic style. Some of them are practicing genealogy tourism. Germans and Hungarians come to see how their ancestors lived and to find more about them. The most important medieval cities are located in Transylvania. These are: Cluj-Napoca, Bistrita, Alba-Iulia, Brasov, Sibiu, Medias, Rasnov, Turda and Sighisoara. Each one of them has a gorgeous architecture and famous places and objectives to visit:
- Michael’s Church,The Reformed Church from M. Kogalniceanu Street, Franciscan Church from Musem Square and Calvaria Church located in Cluj-Napoca.
- Evangelic Church located in Bistrita
- The Romano-catholic cathedral located in Alba Iulia
- The Black Church located in Brasov
- The Evangelic Church located in Sibiu
- The Evangelic Church St.Margaret located in Medias
- Monastery Church located in Sighisoara
Besides that, there are other fortified churches in Transylvania that are not located in cities, but in medieval villages. These are: Biertan, Calnic, Darjiu, Prejmer, Saschiz, Valea Viilor and Viscri. Many of these churches are part of UNESCO Heritage List. It is fascinating to see churches and buildings that preserved from almost 500-600 years or even more and trying to imagine how people were living back then.
Castles and fortresses represent strength for Romania. There are some castles that are famous all over the world, like Dracula’s Castle (Bran Castle – for its legend with vampires),the Palace of Parliament (second biggest building in the world, after Pentagon), Peles Castle (being nominalized by many top publications as the no. 1 castle in Europe) and Huniazilor Castle (for its legends and movies that were filmed there). Other fortresses that are worth visiting are Alba Iulia, Sighisoara, Rupea, Rasnov and the Dacian fortresses Sarmisegetusa Regia (the dacian capital, abandoned about 2000 years ago, which still preserves very well), Costesti and Banita.
Along with castles and fortresses, another famous built heritage made Romania famous: Maramures the land of wooden churches and Bucovina the land of painted monasteries.
Eight wooden churches from Maramures are part of UNESCO Heritage List, many of them built between 1700 and 1800. These UNESCO wooden churches are located in: Budesti, Desesti, Barsana, Poienile Izei, Ieud, Surdesti, Plopis si Rogoz. Besides these one, there are more wooden churches in the region.
The painted churches from Bucovina are part of UNESCO Heritage List too, eight of them, just like the wooden churches. These monasteries are: Arbore, Humor, Moldovita, Patrauti, Probota, Suceava, Moldovita and Voronet. The last one mentioned, Voronet is famous for its shade of blue. This shade of blue was named after the monastery: Voronet blue.
These are part of Romanian’s built heritage, a valuable treasure for us, Romanians, and for tourists.
After mentioning what it was built, we would like to mention what it was given by nature. Romania has wonderful landscapes and it’s called “The Carpathian Garden”. It has almost an equal percentage of mountains, hills and plains. It has almost 250 km of seaside, an unique Delta, Danube’s Delta, over 2000 caves and breathtaking mountains. Highest peak in Romania has 2544 meters. Romanian Carpathians are perfect for hiking, skiing or for scientific purposes. Two roads in the country are famous, Transfagarasan, called the most beautiful road in the world by many famous publications and Transalpina, at an altitude of 2000 meters and a breathtaking view.
Romania also has a large spectrum of mineral water, used to cure many diseases. The best known wellness and SPA resorts are: Baile Felix, Baile Herculane, Olanesti, Calimanesti, Caciulata, Sovata, Ocna Sugatag, and Tusnad.
In the end, I would like to talk about customs, traditions and folklore. There are some regions in Romania that some of traditions and customs are well preserved by locals. The most popular ones are on Christmas, New Year’s Eve, Easter, and 1st of March.
Easter is associated with painting and knocking eggs. Before Christmas and New Year’s Eve children and young men are going from house to house singing carols. For their effort, they receive cakes or traditional sweets. They wear traditional clothes and go to church on holidays, and many traditional dances and customs that are waiting to be discovered by tourists.
These are some reasons to visit Romania. I hope I aroused your curiosity to come and visit. We are waiting for you.