History of Romanian Communism
44 years of communism in Romania has left its marks in the whole country. Buildings, prisons where a lot of people lost their lives, memorials and museums all of them to remind us of a painful period in the history of our country.
In the same time it was the period of changes and communism era had not only a negative impact on our country, but also a positive one, from a communism pros and cons perspective: in this period was build the amazing Transfagarasan road at almost 2000 m altitude, one of the most beautiful road in the mountains in Europe; also the Parliament House from Bucharest, second largest building in the world after the Pentagon from USA.
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At the end of 1947, King Michael I of Romania was forced to abdicate by the communists. Starting with the next year, this political party rose to power, still being led from Moscow.
Seventeen years later, after the death of Gheorghiu Dej, Nicolae Ceausescu became the new leader of Communist Romania.
Our tour starts in the capital, Bucarest. In 1971, Ceasescu visited North Koreea, returning back, he started a policy of mega buildings. One of this is the Palace of the Parliament, the second biggest administrative building in the world, behind the Pentagon.
We will visit also the Revolution Square, the most important place, where the Revolution from 1989 took place in Bucarest.
We leave the capital, on the way to Scornicesti, our first visit is Doftana Prison, the place where Romanian leader was imprisoned. Next is Scornicesti, Ceausescu’s home town, located in Southern Romania. From Scornicesti, we depart to Transylvania, to visit the historical center of Sibiu.
Next day, we leave to Cluj-Napoca. On our way, we stop in Aiud to visit the prison, one of the most severe during communism, where a lot of Romanian personalities were imprisoned. Then, in the afternoon, we arrive in Cluj-Napoca, second biggest city behind Bucarest.
The fourth day starts with the travel to Maramures, where we visit The Communism Memorial from Sighetu Marmatiei, a memorial museum, located in a communist prison, with every cell being now decorated to remind about one chapter during those times. This is also the place, where Iuliu Maniu, and other important people who fought against communism, died.
The fifth day, we return to Transylvania, where we walk through Sighisoara, the place where Vlad the Impaler was born and one of the last inhabited citadels in Europe with an amazing medieval fortress.
From Sighisoara, we return to Bucharest, not before visiting Targoviste, the city where Nicolae and Elena Ceausescu were trialed and sentenced to death for their crimes, on the day of Christmas in 1889, after which the democracy was recasted in Romania.
Our last day, before leaving, we stop at the Ghencea Cemetery, where is presumed that Ceausescu couple was buried, in a secret place. From here, we go straight to the airport, remembering that communism was an important chapter in the history of Romania.
Bus / Minibus